The relationship of sociology with other social sciences is discussed as follow. Social sciences and their relationship with sociology are discussed below:
Sociology and Psychology. Psychology is the science of the mind. It deals with mental processes such as thinking, learning, remembering and decision-making. Modern psychologists also study feelings, emotions, motives and personality. Sociology and psychology are closely inter-linked with each other. It is in the area of social psychology, that psychology comes closest to sociology. Both of the sociologists and social psychologists do the same kind of research. Some of the social psychologists are interested in how personality and behavior are influenced by people’s social backgrounds or by the social settings in which they find themselves. Other social psychologists are especially interested in how people’s personalities influence their behavior. It shall thus be observed that both sociology and psychology deal with human beings. McIver has rightly said that “sociology is special aid to psychology, just as psychology give special aid to sociology. In spite of the similarity and relationship, there is difference between them as well. The object of study of a psychologist is individual whereas that of a sociologist is society. As both have different objectives. Sociology studies society from the viewpoint of community elements, whereas psychology from the viewpoint of psychological factors involved. It has been concluded that sociology and psychology when we study society and we become students of sociology when we study the psychology of the individual being. We are also students of psychology when we study society and we become students of sociology when we study the psychology of the individual being. We are also students of psychology when we study society and we become students of sociology when we study the psychology of the individual being.
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