Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty is a statue, given to the USA by France in the late 19th in century that stands at the mouth of the Hudson River in the harbour of New York City as a welcome to all: returning Americans, visitors, and immigrants alike. The sculptor was Frederic Auguste Bartholdi; Gustave Eiffel created the armature. The Statue of Liberty was a present by France, as a sign of friendship between the two nations. The pedestal was constructed by the United States.
Frederic Auguste Bartholdi designed the statue and Gustave Eiffel designed the iron skeletal. The seven spikes in the statue’s crown represent the seven seas or seven continents. The twenty five windows which are in the crown represent the twenty five precious stones in the world. The goddess of Liberty stands on the broken chains of slavery and in her left hand she holds the date of the declaration of independence. The statue is 93 meters high.
When the statue was built the people had many financially problems. Joseph Pulitzer started a big donation –and promotion event in his newspaper and so they got the money for the construction of the statue. The idea to give the Statue of Liberty to America came from Edouard de Laboulaye, Oscar and Edmond De Lafayette and Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. After the American war of independence and the killing of President Lincoln who was a symbol of independence, the French people wanted to give a sign of the friendship between France and America. They also wanted to give them a symbol of independence. The American independence from Great Britain would not have been possible without the French military. Frederic Auguste Bartholdi created the monument after the war (1870-1871). In November1875 the French –American union was built and plans for the statue were made.
Construction of the pedestal
The pedestal building, which is formed like a castle, was designed from Richard M. Hunt who came from America.