The Study of Mindfulness: Predicting Individual Differences using Trait Anxiety, Attachment Anxiety and Attentional Control
Mindfulness has been described as a process of bringing attention to moment-by-moment experience. It plays a central role in the philosophy of the Buddha that involves bringing one's awareness back (i.e. from the past or the future) into the present moment. This study was conducted to research if the Trait Anxiety, Attachment Anxiety and Attentional control will predict individual differences in mindfulness. It is hypothesized that Trait anxiety will negatively predict mindfulness, Attachment anxiety will also negatively predict mindfulness and the Attentional control will positively predict mindfulness. The design used for the study was cross-sectional, correlational. The participants were second year psychology students in the number of 111 which consist of 84 females and 27 males, gathered in a study room, so the selection wasn’t random. The participants were from diverse ethnic backgrounds. The correlation between mindfulness and AC and AT is positive and between mindfulness and TA is negative. TA = -0.328, so it means that Trait Anxiety has more powerful effect on Mindfulness than the other two variables, so TA can independently predict mindfulness. AA is not significant although it correlates with mindfulness.
If an individual is consciously aware of his or her present thoughts, feeling and emotions is known as being mindful of what is happening in the present (Kabat, 1991). With the objective of improving well being and creating inner peace, mindfulness is a tried and tested method which has been used in the teachings of Buddhism for over 2,500 years (Kabat, 1991). Thought the art of meditation an individual should be able to consciously clear the mind of any worries related to the past or the future, by bringing awareness back to the present (Kabat, 1991). Individuals are able to...