The Transition from Disease Prevention to Health Promotion
BHE 310 Module 1 Case Study
24 July 2012
There are three fundamental principles, optimal physical, socio-emotional, and
cognitive/language development that apply to all human beings across cultures and ethnic
backgrounds. “Social determinants play a critical role in the early phases of conception, pregnancy, and post-natal periods of children’s development. Sensitive periods in brain and biological development start prenatally and continue throughout childhood and adolescence. The extent to which these processes lead to healthy development depends upon the qualities of
stimulation, support, and nurturance in the social environments in which children live, learn
and grow” .1 By school age, development has been influenced by factors at
three levels of society: family, neighborhood/village, and the broader societal level.
Socioeconomic gradients in health across the life course begin as socioeconomic gradients in
early child development. Thus, the social environment is a fundamental determinant of early
Both the Ottawa Charter and The Jakarta Declaration have one general consensus with different ways to solve the problems. That is People from all walks of life are involved as individuals and as members of families and communities. Professional and social groups, and health personnel, have a major responsibility to mediate between differing interests in society for the pursuit of health. Health promotion strategies and programs should be adapted to the local needs and possibilities of individual countries and regions to take into account differing social, cultural and economic systems.
“Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to...