Prevention of Underage Drinking:
Logic Model Documentation
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE)
11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900
Calverton, MD 20705
Tel: (301) 755-2700
Fax: (301) 755-2799
February 8, 2008
Contributing authors (in alphabetical order):
Johanna D. Birckmayer, Ph.D., M.P.H., Renée I. Boothroyd, Ph.D., M.P.H.,
Deborah A. Fisher, Ph.D., Joel W. Grube, Ph.D., Harold D. Holder, Ph.D.
The Logic Models here are a work in progress; no Logic Model is ever complete or final. The goal of this Logic Model is to document the best available research evidence as well as identify gaps or areas in our understanding which need further study or replication in future research. These documents are presented freely for the use of prevention researchers and prevention practitioners, and can be downloaded and reprinted as desired.
PIRE respectively requests that any uses or distributions of these documents in part or in whole give credit to the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD.
Table of Contents
I. Definition 1
Measurement of the Problem 1
II. Logic Model of Underage Drinking Prevention 3
III. Documentation of Intermediate Variables, Relationships, and Prevention Strategies 5
Drinking Beliefs 6
Family Influence 13
School Influence 16
Peer Influence 20
Drinking Context 22
Retail Availability of Alcohol to Youth 25
Social Availability of Alcohol to Youth 34
Visible Enforcement 43
Underage Drinking Laws 52
Community Norms about Youth Drinking 57
Alcohol Promotion 60
IV. References 70
Underage Drinking refers to any use of alcohol by persons under the legal drinking age of 21. Consumption and/or purchase of alcohol by persons under the age of 21 is...