Historically, Tibet has seen itself as an independent nation with a unique, ancient culture. It has served as a place of rare Buddhist teachings since the 11th century. Throughout Tibet’s long history it had been clear that Tibetans and their neighbouring countries possess distinct differences in cultural, religious, linguistic, and ethnic identity. They claim that this is very different from that of China.
The historical background between Tibet and China is first recorded in the 7th century, following the unification of Tibet under their king ruler Songsten Gampo and the establishment of the Chinese Tang Dynasty. The two main incidents mentioned are that of the marriage of a Chinese princess to a Tibetan Songsten Gampo in 641, and the peace pledge that was signed between the two bordering nations in 821, this was recorded on stone pillars. The Chinese claim that through the marriage this marriage and several other meetings and alliances the Tibetans and Chinese “cemented political and kinship ties of unity and formed close economic and cultural relations”. In fact these incidents actually show the equal power and strength at this time. By the 15th century political authority had in Tibet had passed through the hands of the Ganden Phodrang government into the hands of the Dalai Lamas. In China the native Ming Dynasty overthrew the Mongols and then concentrated all of it’s attention to economic expansion and maritime exploration. At this time again Tibet and China existed as separate and fully sovereign states.
For centuries China and Britain attempted to establish control of Tibet, however in 1911 Tibet was declared an independent republic after decades of denying their control.
After the fall of the Oing dynasty in 1912 the Dalai Lama returned to Tibet and expelled the Amban and all the Chinese troops that were in Tibet. The Dalai Lama latter issued a proclamation that stated the relationship between the Chinese emperor and Tibet. This proclamation...