TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE-PG 2
HISTORY-PG 4, 5, 6
CONCLUSION-PG 6, 7
The Treasures & Dual Legacy of Timbuktu
Timbuktu is known as one of the most historically significant city produced by two empires within the city of Timbuktu. The treasures and Dual legacy of the classical Timbuktu allowed the most famous classical centers of Islamic learning in Africa were three- Al-Azhar University in Cairo, the collective scholarly academy in Timbuktu and the oldest Qarawiyin University in Morocco in Fez. In the mid- 16th century, Islamic scholar from the town Djenne’, migrated north to Timbuktu, then the city of approx. 100,000 and religious, educational and trading center, and founded the University of Sankore’, a loose affiliation of mosques and private homes that provided subsidized instruction to thousands of students. The mystery Timbuktu allowed many European explorers to literally kill themselves in attempts to find the amazing city fabled city. Timbuktu certainly does exist. However, the mystery that drew those firs European adventurers has diminished while Timbuktu’s city remoteness continues to increase.
Most historians believe that Timbuktu was founded in the 1100s by a Tuareg woman named Bouctou, who ran a rest stop for camel caravans on a tributary of the Niger River. Around 1100 C.E. her grazing herds and flocks during the dry season not far from the Niger River, she discovered an oasis and decided to set up a tented camp and dig a well there. Not soon after the little seasonal camp called Timbuktu became an important stop for other nomads as well as the caravans that where traveling along the trans-Saharan route. Although the Turegs founded Timbuktu, the merchants that set up various markets and built fixed dwelling in the town to establish the site as a meeting place for those who where traveling with camel. Historians established that Berber middlemen had already established...