PART IV. LMNG WITHOUT VIOLENCE: TOWAMW A CULTURE OF PEACE
11 Toward Lasting Peace
Kant on Law, Public Reason, and Culture By MARC LUCHT*
Kant helps us understand the conditions for peace by reminding us that lasting peace requires both cosmopolitan legal reform and individual moral improvement, including resistance to egoism and the cultivation of cosmopolitan attitudes. The duty to pursue peace includes the duty to promote the rule of domestic and international law and work against its unilateral subversion. The juridical cosmopolitanism of a worldwide league of free peoples enables resistance to the dangers posed by authoritarian regimes and their dangerous willingness to manipulate their subjects and ignore international law, Constraining egoism enables people to overcome the tyranny of their desires and cultivates a sense of affiliation with the larger community of humanity in general, providing the moral foundation needed to support aI cosmopolitan legal order. Moral development to a great extent is fostered through the arts and humanities, and a robust cultural life therefore ought to play a central role in the pursuit of global peace. I Introduction Ongoing controversies about issues such as the forcible "spread of democracy," the use of "enhanced interrogation techniques," and secret prisons beyond the oversight of any court as tools in the waging
*Marc Ltucht is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Alvernia College in Reading, PA. Holding a Ph.D. from Emory University, his scholarly work focuses on phenomenology, environmental philosophy, aesthetics, and ethics, and he has published on Kant, Tolstoy, Santayana, and Nietzsche. American Jourinal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 68, No. 1 (January, 2009). 0 2009 American Jouinal of Economics and Sociology, Inc.
The American Journalof Economics and Sociology
of the "global war on terror" give renewed urgency to thinking about how to pursue a just and lasting peace. As we try...