1. We had studied two major types of written cognitive assessments in this class; which are selected-response and constructed-response item formats.
Selected-response formats are tests that allow the students to select answers from a listing of possible responses. The most frequent one is multiple-choice item form; we also have matching and true or false forms.
Example of Multiple-choice: Mr. Gollery is?
A. A good teacher
B. A bad teacher
D. None of the above
Constructed-response formats are tests that challenge students to produce responses to more open-ended questions or stimuli. Construction-response includes long and short essays and very short-answer essays, modified essay questions and the simulation formats.
Example of short essay: In two or three sentences, tell me why do you think Mr. Gollery is a
good teacher or a bad teacher?
The format I believe to be most relevant in the contemporary classroom is the “selected-response formats” because these formats are most readily and easily objectively keyed. It is much easier for teachers, administrations and students to agree on the single-best answer out of a set of carefully crafted and edited possible answer required for a more open-ended constructed-response item. Moreover, these item forms have very strong measurement properties. Validity evidence is frequently more easily gathered in selected-response.
2. Students in grades K-2 will receive a 4, 3, 2, or 1 as a grade for reading, writing, and math. Grades for 3 through 5 will be based on a 7 point grading scale. A letter grade will be given for math, reading, social studies, and science. Moreover, report cards for grades K-5 will be sent home each nine weeks. Each progress report addresses key components of a child’s growth and development as a learner. The goal of the progress report is to portray each child’s learning competencies and strategies, and to guide children to the next challenge.
(1). Example Grading Scale