Article 1 (definition of the child) Everyone under the age of 18 has all the rights in the Convention.
Article 2 (without discrimination) The Convention applies to every child whatever their ethnicity, gender, religion, abilities, whatever they think or say, no matter what type of family they come from.
Article 3 (best interests of the child) The best interests of the child must be a top priority in all actions concerning children.
Article 4 (protection of rights) Governments must do all they can to fulfil the rights of every child.
Article 5 (parental guidance) Governments must respect the rights and responsibilities of parents to guide and advise their child so that, as they grow, they learn to apply their rights properly.
Article 6 (survival and development) Every child has the right to life. Governments must do all they can to ensure that children survive and grow up healthy.
Article 7 (registration, name, nationality, care) Every child has the right to a legally registered name and nationality, as well as the right to know and, as far as possible, to be cared for by their parents.
Article 8 (preservation of identity) Governments must respect and protect a child’s identity and prevent their name, nationality or family relationships from being changed unlawfully. If a child has been illegally denied part of their identity, governments must act quickly to protect and assist the child to re-establish their identity.
Article 9 (separation from parents) Children must not be separated from their parents unless it is in the best interests of the child (for example, in cases of abuse or neglect). A child must be given the chance to express their views when decisions about parental responsibilities are being made. Every child has the right to stay in contact with both parents, unless this might harm them.
Article 10 (family reunification) Governments must respond quickly and sympathetically if a child or...