1947 United Nations Partition Plan
The embattled history between Israeli and Palestinian interests is in part a result of the United Nations Partition Plan devised after World War II. The United States of America took a relatively active role in international affairs after the conclusion of the war which led to an important U.S. foreign policy issue: America’s involvement in the creation of the state of Israel. While the multifaceted political situation was mainly handled by the United Nations, state-level interests played a prominent role in negotiations. A culmination of conflicting British, Arab, Zionist, U.N. and American interests resulted in the 1947 U.N. Partition Plan—which attempted to divide Palestine into two different states; one Jewish and one Arab.
To summarize the main points: first, the historical background and overview of the policy issue will be given as will alternative policies the U.S. could have pursued, followed by Great Britain’s involvement, then the U.S.’s connection, subsequently, the United Nations participation, and, lastly, the conclusion.
The U.N. Partition Plan was adopted by the United Nations on November 29th, 1947. The plan replaced the original British mandate which opposed the creation of separate Jewish and Arab states and unlimited immigration to the area, according to the U.S. Department of State. Additionally, the U.S. Department of States’ website explains the plan: “…divide Great Britain’s former Palestinian mandate into Jewish and Arab states in May 1948 when the British mandate was scheduled to end. Under the resolution, the area of religious significance surrounding Jerusalem would remain a corpus separatum under international control administered by the United Nations” (Creation of Israel, 1948). The ideological goal was to appease both the Jews and Arabs by allotting them two distinct states. There were numerous alternatives to this original plan that were considered prior to the treaty’s ratification....