Understanding tourism and the tourist industry
“Tourism is the temporary short-term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and activivites during their stay at these destinations: it includes movement for all purposes, as well as day visits of excursions.” (institution of tourism-book pg 5)
The reason to why people travel is because they have either "motivating factors," which encourage the tourists to want to travel or "enabling" factors, which make travel possible for them.
Motivation identifies first the purpose of a visit, which includes three distinct categories; Holidays,(including visits to friends and relatives, known as VFR travel), Business (including meetings, conferences) and others (including study, religious pilgrimages, sport health etc.)
There are many motivating factors which make people want to travel, such as relaxation. Many people's desire is to escape from their boring and stressful job, family or home, to have a break from everything. Most people who have stressful jobs, to relax themselves, they tend to take a holiday, to give them some peace of mind.
There are also other excuses for people to travel. For example, hen or stag parties, which are indirect ways of socialising with friends.
Generally people take holiday to travel to some place where they would be able to rest.
In general there are two main types of motivating factors. One is "wander lust." In this many young people have the desire to travel and see other cultures and experience how other people live. In the other motivating factor, the people want to go somewhere warm, where the could escape from their domestic country's weather for a while, and this is called "sun lust." For example British people tend to go to places like Spain in summer to enjoy the hot sunny beaches to escape from the cold British weather. (reference**)
To make all these desires and wants "motivating factors" possible, there are the...