Types of Urban Dynamics
- spatial exclusion
- counter urbanisation
- urban consolidation
- urban Renewal
Spatial Exclusion - refers to the defense of luxury lifestyles which have resulted in restrictions in spatial access and the freedom of movement of other urban dwellers. It is manifest in' high security suburbs', 'walled estates' and security conscious retail-business complexes
Counter urbanization - a marked decline in the total population, or growth of the population, of large metropolitan areas and the subsequent growth of smaller urban centres at their expense—first identified in North America in the 1 970s where counter urbanisation had replaced urbanisation as the dominant force shaping the nation's settlement pattern
Ex-urbanization - a process whereby people, usually affluent, move from the city to rural areas but continue to maintain an urban way of life either through long distance commuting or technology
Urban renewal - Process of redeveloping deteriorated section of a city, often through demolition and new construction. Although urban renewal may be privately funded, it is most often associated with government renewal programs. The typical program attempts to demolish concentrations of dilapidated housing and attract developers of middle-income or mixed housing. Often, however, urban renewal areas become sites for new public buildings, such as civic auditoriums, sports arenas, and universities.
Urban consolidation - refers to a diverse set of planning policies intended to make better use of existing urban infrastructure by encouraging development within existing urbanised areas (so-called 'brownfield sites') rather than on non-urbanised land (aka 'greenfield sites'), thus limiting urban sprawl. Urban Consolidation involves increasing the number of houses or units within existing areas so they can have more efficient use of services and reduce the overall impact on the...