Washington was born in Westmore County, Virginia, on February 22, 1732. He is the son of
the late Augustine Washington and Mary Ball Washington. Augustine was a tobacco farmer and a
stock raiser. Washington spent most of his early childhood on the Ferry Farm in Fredericksburg,
Virginia. He attended school up until his fifteenth year. Washington married Martha Dandridge on
Washington spent his early adult years as a farmer and as a surveyor until he was appointed
adjutant for the southern district of Virginia by Lieutenant Governor Robert Dinwiddie. The next
year he became the adjutant of the Northern Neck and Eastern Shore. In 1753, Dinwiddie warned
the French to stop their infringements on the Ohio Valley land that was claimed by the king.
Dinwiddie sent one messenger, but he failed. He gave Washington the order to warn the French on
October 31, 1753. His party consisted of an interpreter, a guide, two men that were experienced
traders with the Native Americans, and two others.
Washington left in November from Cumberland, Maryland, and traveled to Fort-Le Boeuf. When
he arrived, he discovered that the French would fight for their land. The party nearly escaped from
Washington was next appointed lieutenant colonel to an expedition to the Ohio Valley. In
April, 1754, he set out from Alexandria with 160 men to reinforce a fort in southerners
Pennsylvania, only to find that the French took control of the fort and renamed it Fort-Duquesne.
Washington then cautiously set up his own post within 40 miles of the French position. He attacked
the French post on May 28,1754. He managed to kill the commander and nine others. They then
took the rest prisoners.
Washington immediately received a promotion to a full colonelcy. On July 3, 1754, the French
drove him and 350 men into Fort Necessity. The French then took control of it with 700, men and
forced Washington to surrender. They sent the unarmed colonials...