ARTICLE IN PRESS
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 36 (2006) 869–890 www.elsevier.com/locate/ergon
A study on biodynamic models of seated human subjects exposed to vertical vibration
Cho-Chung LiangÃ, Chi-Feng Chiang
Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Da-Yeh University, 112 Shan-Jiau Road, Da-Tsuen, Changhua 515, Taiwan, ROC Received 6 June 2005; received in revised form 18 September 2005; accepted 17 June 2006 Available online 1 September 2006
Abstract Humans are most sensitive to whole body vibration under low-frequency excitation in seated posture. As a result, biodynamics of seated human subjects has been a topic of interest over the years, and a number of mathematical models have been established. While much research has been performed on building up speciﬁc biodynamic models based on certain experimental data under prescribed testing conditions, a thorough investigation of mathematical human models in seated posture has not yet received the same level of attention. In this paper, a complete study on lumped-parameter models for seated human subjects without backrest support under vertical vibration excitation has been carried out. As part of the study, all models have been analyzed systematically, and validated by the synthesis of various experimental data from published literature. Based on the analytical study and experimental validation, the fourdegree-of-freedom (DOF) model developed by Wan, Y. and Schimmels, J.M. [1995. A simple model that captures the essential dynamics of a seated human exposed to whole body vibration. Advances in Bioengineering, ASME, BED 31 333–334] is found to be best ﬁtted to the existing test results, and is recommended for the study of biodynamic responses of seated human subjects under vertical whole body vibration. In addition, for the cases such as the female pregnant, more mass segments might be needed in the analysis. The six-DOF linear model from the modiﬁcation of nonlinear model...