Weather is always changing. It is the state of the atmosphere at any given time and place. Although weather is erratic it is possible to come to a generalization of the variations of weather.
Climate is described as an aggregation of weather conditions. It is based on observations of many years of data referred as the average weather. Climate is the sum of all weather information that best describes a place or region.
The weather and climate are expressed in the same basic elements. They share air temperature, humidity, type and amount of cloudiness, type and amount of precipitation, air pressure and the speed and direction of the wind. Any change in any one of these elements will bring change in the other.
Weather and climate differ in the fact that weather is day by day and climate is what happens over an extended period of time.
Climates are classified by using groups which consist of items that share important characteristics. One system that is widely used to classify climates is the Koppen classification system.
Climatologist, Wladimir Koppen introduced the Koppen Climate Classification System in 1900. The way he divided the Earth’s surface mainly coincided with world patterns of vegetation and soils. The system recognizes five major climate types which are identified by capital letters (A-E) and subgroups that are more specific to each season and their characteristics which are identified by a second, lower case letter. Each letter focuses on types of temperature and precipitation in different climates. A third letter was also added to show more variations in the climates.
2. There are 10 types of cloud types. Cirrocumulus, cirrostratus, cirrus which are high clouds: altocumulus, altostratus, cumulonimbus which are middle clouds; Nimbostratus, Stratus, Stratocumulus, and Cumulus which are low clouds.
Cirrocumulus clouds consist of fluffy masses, Cirrostratus clouds...