Neurodevelopmental and Neurocognitive Disorders
Neurodevelopmental and neurocognitive disorders affects thousands or millions of people across the entire United States. It poses as a challenge that will remain a long term health problem for those within society. For my Neurodevelopmental disorder, I’ve chosen Down syndrome and for my Neurocognitive disorder I have chosen Alzheimer’s. I will explain on both Down syndrome and Alzheimer’s and what each one is. I will also discuss the behavioral criteria for each one and I’ll discuss incidence rates as well as the causes for each disorder. Then lastly I will propose two options for treatment for each disorder based on the two different theoretical models.
Down syndrome is a Neurodevelopmental disorder that is often associated with moderate as well as severe intellectual disability. Many don’t know, but there are three types of Down syndrome. Those three types are Trisomy 21(nondisjunction), translocation, and mosaicism. While all three are different in name they all lead to the Neurodevelopmental disorder of Down syndrome. Trisomy 21 accounts for about ninety five percent of all cases of Down syndrome and causes the error within the cell division giving the child the disorder. Mosaicism can be held accountable for only one percent of all cases. Translocation can be held accountable for only four percent of all cases and this happens when part of the twenty first chromosome breaks off during the division of cells and attaches itself to a different chromosome which is often the fourteenth chromosome.
The facts I found on Down syndrome might surprise a lot of people, because I was one of them. Down syndrome is the most common genetic condition and Neurodevelopmental disorder. One out of every six hundred and ninety one babies born in the United States has Down syndrome. Four hundred thousand Americans have this genetic condition and...