Chapter 28 Notes
* Otto van Bismarck- most responsible for the unification of Germany.
* “Great Powers” – a term used for Germany, France, Britain, Russia, and the United States.
* Chapter 28 is set in what is called the “Era of Imperialism” which lasted from 1870 to 1914.
* Steel- a special form of iron that was so high in demand and little in supply, that it was often reserved for very important artifacts, such as swords.
* Crucible- container where melted iron was stirred until it became steel.
* Alfred Nobel- Swedish Scientist who revolutionized a way to turn nitroglycerin into a stable solid to form dynamite.
* Michael Faraday- scientist who discovered the ability of electricity to travel through copper wire.
* Based on this discovery, inventors came up with many ways to produce electricity efficiently.
* Thomas Edison- founded the modern day incandescent lamp.
* Electricity began to take over modern society, and it made living conditions healthier and cleaner.
* Propellers replace paddle wheels, lots more efficiency.
* Submarine telegraph cables- set across the ocean floor, linked continents, connected almost every country. Began what was known as the “annihilation of time and space”
* Railroads were so successful that they began to be associated with industrialization.
* Steam ships increased in use, trade extended tenfold.
* Technological and trade advancements increased lifespan, thus increased population.
* Irish Potato Famine
* Persecution of Jews in Russia
* Poverty and population growth in Italy.
* Asians who came as indentured servants
* Death rates fell below birthrates
* Britain- 80% of it’s population was urban.
* Electric streetcars and railroad travel steadily became more affordable.
* Installation of indoor plumbing had a profound effect on life expectancy.
* Air quality worsened, coal...