INEQUALITY AND DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA
All the countries in the world have inequalities, India however has a unique blend of lethal schisms and disparities prevalent at the societal, family, community, regional, religious, caste and economic basis. Caste has a peculiar role in India that makes it stand apart from the rest of the world. Despite several legislations enacted and implemented it has crept into the modern routine and has manifested itself as a neo-culture. Caste stratification leads to class inequality, providing it a resilience that seems hard to defeat.
Gender inequality which is in a sense a democratic demographic inequality is another kind which is exceptionally high. This inequality is among the social disparities that keep large numbers of people on the margin of the 'New India'- not only women but also the men and children who would benefit from an active, informed and equal participation of women in public life. Gender inequality has reincarnated itself time and again in different forms ranging from deprivation of Right to Life to the fairer sex to educational disparity, political under-representation, inadequate workforce presence to rape, violence.
The newer faces of inequalities that India is witnessing are: occupational and educational inequalities. The new educational system gives credentials to make an entry into the Newly formed Middle class, this class which is particularly instrumental in carrying forward Backward Bharat to Inclusive India.
The Indian democracy finds itself in odds with the kind of inequalities we inherited from the past and many we created recently.
For a democratic institution, the real growth and development of the nation would embrace multifarious faces ranging from social, political, gender, educational, occupational & economic equalities. All these sum up to form the popular Democratic Equality.
Growth of the nation demands that the elementary education, primary health care and other things of...