¤ The Elements of a Short Story
>CHARACTER -- a character is a person, or sometimes even an animal, who takes part in the action of a short story or other literary work.
>POINT OF VIEW -- Point of view is defined as the angle or perspective from which the story is told.
•First Person - The story is told by the protagonist or one of the characters who interacts closely with the protagonist or other characters (using pronouns I, me, we, etc). The reader sees the story through this person's eyes as he/she experiences it and only knows what he/she knows or feels.
a) third person Limited - We know only what the character knows and what the author allows him/her to tell us. We can see the thoughts and feelings of characters if the author chooses to reveal them to us.
b) Third person Omniscient– The author can move from character to character, event to event, having free access to the thoughts, feelings and motivations of his characters and he introduces information where and when he chooses. The reader is placed in the position of spectator without the author there to explain. The reader has to interpret events on his own.
Innocent Eye - The story is told through the eyes of a child (his/her judgment being different from that of an adult) .
•Stream of Consciousness - The story is told so that the reader feels as if they are inside the head of one character and knows all their thoughts and reactions.
>THEME -- The theme in a piece of fiction is its controlling idea or its central insight. It is the author's underlying meaning or main idea that he is trying to convey.
>PLOT -- The plot is how the author arranges events to develop his basic idea; It is the sequence of events in a story or play. The plot is a planned, logical series of events having a beginning, middle, and end. The short story usually has one plot so it can be read in one sitting.
There are five essential parts of plot: