1.- WRITTEN COMMUNICATION 2
A.- Basic differences between written and oral communication 2
B.- TEXTUALITY AND WRITTEN COMMUNICATION 2
2.- A TIPOLOGY OR WRITTEN TEXTS 3
3.- FORMAL ELEMENTS AND CONNECTIONS 4
A.- Text and context 4
4.- STRATEGIES AND STRUCTURES 4
A.- Relational structures and discourse design 5
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION. DIFFERENT TYPES OF WRITTEN TEXTS. STRUCTURE AND FORMAL ELEMENTS. RULES WHICH RULE WRITTEN COMMUNICATION. HABITS AND ROUTINES.
In the most general way we can identify four major skill: two productive and two receptive. Written communications is about writing and reading.
There is no clear cut between oral and written communication. Leech and Deuchar explains this with a diagram: conversation in a pub, seminar, telphone conversation, personal letter, job interview.
Bloomfield: 'writing is not language, but merely a way of recording language.'
In our native language, our understanding of the written language depends largely on our understanding of the sponken language; on the other hand when learning a second language is the other way round.
1.- WRITTEN COMMUNICATION
A.- Basic differences between written and oral communication
Natural skill: we acquire it as we grow
Artificial skill: need to be learn it.
It is transitory.
It is permanent
It is a combination of linguistics, deixis (references to the external world) paralinguistics, kinesics. Moreover, there is a context.
It has only one element linguistics. The context has to be created with linguistics.
Phatic communication is broadly used in our daily life.
Phatic communication is not much used. Although more in the Anglo-Saxon world: birthdays, Christmas, marriages, etc.
It is a social activity and attached to audience (involvement): the speaker receives a feedback a he can change according to them.
It is an individualistic activity and detached: the writer do...