History of Philippine Educational System
PERIOD BRIEF HISTORY EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES LEGAL MANDATES PROPONENTS
Pre – Spanish/ Pre-Hispanic
1521) The early Filipinos were already civilized, before the Spanish came and conquer our country. They had government, laws, education, writing ( they know well how to read it), literature, religion, customs and traditions, commerce and industries and arts and services.
Rituals and ceremonies are consider as program that time (For conformity)
Education was not formal.
Apprenticeship – at home
Education was oral, practical and hands-on.
Ideas and facts were acquired through suggestion, observation, example, and imitation.
observation and imitation
They learn trade through experience
Objective of Education
— to promote reverence for, and adoration of Bathala (supreme Being)- Maragtas
— To promote respect for laws, customs, and authorities represented by parents and elders
Almost 375 years, colonize the Philippines. They are after the 3G’s
- God - religion
- Gold – treasure
- Glory - power
Christian faith is the core of Spanish culture.
Education was undertaken primarily as a means of propagating the Christian Faith.
☻ Elementary Education
— Parochial Schools
☻ Secondary Education
— Seminarios – religious vocation
— Beaterios – for girls
☻ Higher Education
— UST – Collegio de Sto. Rosario
— Collegio de San Jose
It has not been easy for the Spanish government to monitor activities, including education. Because of this remoteness the implementation of the friars were not organized and not structured.
☻ Royal Decree of 1863 (Educational Act of 1863)
Establishment of a complete system of education in the country...