A woman has the right to choose abortion. Discuss. (10)
Abortion is the deliberate termination of a pregnancy (although in the medical world, doctors may view the body rejecting the foetus - which is a common occurrence - as a spontaneous abortion). Abortion has caused many arguments over the years - whether the foetus has a right to life, whether abortion is wrong in all circumstances, and whether a woman has the right to choose abortion. It is generally accepted that we all have the right to choose what we do with our bodies and what we do in our lives. Therefore, it is clear that a woman has the right to choose abortion.
Firstly, doctors have a clear moral code to follow that is universal throughout the world. They cannot treat a patient unless the patient wants treatment. In some cases, when a patient has refused treatment for a life-threatening illness or injury, the court can overrule the patient’s decision. But mainly, we have the right to choose what happens to our bodies and the doctors cannot take away that right. This right continues onto abortion. The foetus is being carried inside the woman’s body - to some extent, it is part of her body until the foetus is able to survive outside the body. If the foetus has no right to life, then it is entirely the woman’s choice as to whether to abort it or not. Abortion would not be a wrong action. Even if the foetus does have a right to life, as some people argue, while the foetus is still dependant on the woman - the rights of the woman may outweigh the foetus’ right to life. Judith Thomson would agree with this as she believed that there is a big gap between someone having a right to life to you having to do everything possible to make sure they stayed alive. She would say that there is no moral obligation for the woman to keep the foetus alive and therefore the woman has the right to choose abortion.
Secondly, the child/foetus is not simply affecting the woman’s body. Once born, it will affect the...