-taking (Begley & Boyd, 1987), high achievement (McClelland, 1976), or an internal
402 Journal of World Business / 35(4) / 2000
In addition, the larger societal factors such as cultural, economic, political, and social forces can combine to create threats or opportunities in the environments where...
paper are the barriers related to culture and cultural expectations, the choice and/or balance between work and family, and women’s own fear of success.
Women continue to aspire to leadership positions in all spheres of governance both in the public and private sectors. Great strides have been made...
be able to create significant comparative advantage. However, in practice this is usually not the case because of misunderstandings and lack of interaction between the various cultures. On the other hand, exactly the cultural differences are believed to create value due to the multi-sided approach...
"glass ceiling" was coined in a 1986 Wall Street Journal report on corporate women by Hymowitz and Schellhardt. (2) The glass ceiling is a concept that most frequently refers to barriers faced by women who attempt, or aspire, to attain senior positions (as well as higher salary levels) in corporations...
World survey (Freedom House, 2010). It has a consistently high ranking of 1st in terms of political rights as well as a ranking of 2nd in terms of civil liberties (Freedom House, 2010). A slight worry may be due to the fact that its civil liberties ranking declined from 1st to 2nd, and this may be due...
blacks in order to be effective. In other words, both blacks and their white oppressors must share the responsibility for the decided failure of black men (and women) to take their places as leaders in business.
The issue of black success in a corporate world such as America is best understood as...
Running Head: ABORTION OBSTACLES AND RESOLUTIONS
Abortion Obstacles and Resolutions
[pic]Despite the fact that abortion is a legal medical practice, various barriers exist and prevent women who attempt to exercise...
increasing the interconnectedness of different markets. Globalization has had the effect of markedly increasing not only international trade, but also cultural exchange.
The advantages and disadvantages of globalization have been heavily scrutinized and debated in recent years. Proponents...
communist government in China during the 1950's, it is perhaps important to take a look at the precursors to those events in order to gain a more balanced and, perhaps, informed view over how necessary and consequently how effective those events were. Due to the sheer enormity of China geographically...
represent a qualitative change in the ways that people engage in collective efforts to promote social or political change? What are the connections between broad shifts in global economic and political organization and the social movement sectors of societies? This research outlines a framework for building...
."(Wong, n.d., p.1). Advancing cultural intelligence and international cultural competence is critical to the future success of managers and leaders working in a global context. (Wong, n.d., p.1).
In these pages, I will analyze the cross-cultural differences between the United States and Czech...
will continue to improve slowly or suffer a decline, as there are ingrained cultural
and structural barriers that prevent women from advancing in a male-oriented society. It is still
too soon to predict if there will be an upward or a downward trend in women’s political
representation in the next...
, primarily due to the fact that Mexico was a Spanish colony until its independence in 1821. The economic and political capital is Mexico City, one of the world’s largest megacities and economic hubs in the world.
The current head of the state is Felipe Calderón. There are three major...
, women entrepreneurs highlighted that lack of sufﬁcient time, husband’s non-nvolvement in domestic chores, cultural, societal and family
norms, as well as gender biases are the key challenges they have to face in everyday life. Participants shared that they had to work hard to manage the...
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND SUSTAINABLE BUSINESS
A Guide to Leadership Tasks and Functions
Table of Contents
Introduction ......................................................................................................... 1 Purpose, Method, and Framework for This Publication ......
association with the employees‟ occupational,cultural and social backgrounds. In other words, these values are rooted in their societies. Due to the deep anchoring of HRM practices in the historical, political,economic, social and cultural environment of a country, the import or transfer of these...
research and drug development
Lilly’s mission is to “create and deliver superior health care solutions in order to provide customers around the world with optimal clinical and economic outcomes” (Eli Lilly). This requires that the company operate ethically, taking into account health and environmental...
Companies African American women often face other trials in regards to the control of the glass ceiling. There is a twofold bias for African American women: they must deal with the gender-based barriers and they have to overcome the racial and ethnic obstacles to progress in the corporate world. A...
Women who have shattered the Glass
The “glass ceiling” refers to an unfair system or set of barriers inhibiting women from reaching top-level positions predominantly held by men. Today, one can clearly see that this invisible barrier has been shattered by a small percentage of women in the workplace...
India according to the census of 2001, which is much below the world average of 990 females. There are many problems which women in India have to go through daily. These problems have become the part and parcel of life of Indian women and some of them have accepted them as their fate.
Though women of...
domestic responsibilities as their religious duty, the prevailing societal norms and beliefs about women to remain inside and look after family are dominant in Pakistani society. This results in mental and emotional barrier of ‘feeling of guilt’ when pursuing entrepreneurial career despite...
on the other to assess when the women would be leaving the company.'" See
Knapp, supra note 17, at 189.
9 In Japanese the notion that the "potential number of years someone can
work are of major importance to their success in the business world" is referred
to as "nenko jorestsu." Goff, supra...
perceive and manage these conflicts?
What do women business owners now perceive to be the most significant obstacles to their success, as they define it, in changing contexts? To what extent are such obstacles related to gendered work and family issues?
What information, resources, relationships...
half is tuned into the new blonde that was just hired. Is this just a dream or is this really happening? Well it is a hard fact that in the business world today ethics and gender stereotypes do still exist, though in recent studies the gap between male and female in top management has dropped, there is...
, and can result in negative dynamics and cultural clashes that can create work disadvantages for women and minorities. Traditionally, cultural conflicts between majority and minority group members are usually resolved in favour of the majority groups. This, in turn, creates significant barriers to...
United States and Japan, French women face many obstacles when trying to break the glass ceiling
C. As a result of strong efforts to gain equality, French women are no longer underrepresented in the workplace
D. France has seen a tremendous increase in the number of women not only in the workforce...
a cross-cultural perspective, considering digital disablement of visually disabled people in India and the United States. By considering the economic, political, cultural and educational aspects of marginalization, as well as the technological, the authors set out to delineate the relationship...
Type theory states that introverts:
c. have excellent social skills but prefer the internal world of ideas, thoughts, and concepts.
Identify the five major barriers to social perception.
c. selective perception, stereotyping, first-impression error, projection and self-fulfilling...
organization will pursue.
Obstacles to Progress
In global strategic management, there are obstacles that are dilemmas which may slow down progress. These include making a leap from the fragmented economic and political systems of the industrial past to a global order, reconciling various economic...
“Corporate Political Action (CPA) in Africa”
Leadership as engagement and as a system development
Bill Buenar Puplampu, Leadership as engagement, leadership as system development; A contextualized Ghanaian, European Business Review, 2010, 22(6).