. Infant (Hope) – Basic Trust vs. Mistrust
2. Toddler (Will) – Autonomy vs. Shame
3. Preschooler (Purpose) – Initiative vs. Guilt
4. School-Age Child (Competence) – Industry vs. Inferiority
5. Adolescent (Fidelity) – Identity vs. Identity Diffusion
6. Young Adult (Love) – Intimacy...
Erikon's 8 Stages of Personality
1. Trust vs. Mistrust (birth to 2 Years)
-infant is totally dependent on others and learns to trust others
-infants also learns to distrust others
2. Autonomy vs. Shame (2 to 3 Years)
-child tries to become a separate individual and is allowed some...
age: 3 to 5 years. , Initiative vs. Guilt. This is the period when children experience a desire to copy the adults around them and they start to take the initiative in creating play situations. Initiative flourishes when adventure and game playing is encouraged. If the child is irresponsible and is...
. In accordance with Erikson’s theory, each person must experience a series of 8 interconnected stages over the whole lifespan namely:
1. Infant - Basic Trust vs. Mistrust
2. Toddler - Autonomy vs. Shame
3. Preschooler – Initiative vs. Guilt
4. School-Age Child – Industry vs...
initiative vs. guilt. The child strives to gain the ability to do things on his or her own, such as dress him or herself. If "guilty" about making own choices, the child will experience guilt and won’t function well.
The fourth stage is industry vs. inferiority. This is “school-age”, usually six to twelve...
|Adapted Freud's ID, Ego & Superego = Parent, Adult, |
| | |Child |
|EGO - reality testing, consider physical & |OBJECT REPRESENTATION - object...
- interdependent increments with recent changes built on previous achievement for example, walking.
Example: Walking counts but not weight increase. Infants put on weight as a result of physical growth. That is part of development in infancy, toddlerhood, young childhood and adolescence. Adult...
proper guidance from the caregiver.
Parents can give healthy and wise choices to assist their child to succeed at this stage. The average 3-year-old child can separate easily from parents and go to known adults. Through social interaction toddlers, one of the most obvious tasks of developmental...
without hitting anyone or any furniture. When child one hits an adult with his truck child two apologizing for him saying “Sorry Momma, I’ll make sure TY doesn’t do that anymore” He then looks to child one and said “Don’t do that anymore Ty, Ok? That’s not nice” Child one begins to cry and screams...
stage, that Freud called this psychosexual stage the oral stage and Erikson called this psychosocial stage the trust vs. mistrust stage. Both Freud and Erikson acknowledge the trust and dependency infants have to their mothers. In the oral stage, the child makes the connection between the mother’s...
stage to Freud’s oral stage, as this is when the child is placing everything in the mouth; Freud also believed that the mother was responsible for the child in the success of his oral stage.
The second stage is Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt and is from the ages of one to three years of age...
Any pertinent assessments to make: Assess for Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia, Monitor pulse, BP, ECG periodically during IV therapy. Check serum potassium
Any parameters to consider:
Any contraindications to giving this medication: Hyperkalemia, severe renal impairment, untreatted...
of five; I always felt love from both my parents sometime during my infancy I did pull away from my father. He was in army and never around.
Stage 2 – Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (Toddlers 2 to 3) at this stage the child learns that they can explore their surroundings. Encouragement and patience...
assessed on five age groups that four people conducted. The age group that was assessed was 7,11,21,44, and 76. The last three theories that was described was Young Adulthood (40-65) Intimacy vs. Isolation- Young adult needs to form intimate loving relations. Middle Adulthood (40-65) Generativist vs...
conservative test of hypotheses regarding motivation for sexual child abuse. Because such subjects probably represent a less deviant sample than incarcerated sex offenders and given the relative success of research on adult sexual violence.
Ray; Klassen, Philip; Dickey, Robert; Kuban, Michael E.; Blak...
environment. Industry vs. Inferiority (School-Age Child, 6-11years). Children need to cope with new social and academic demands. Identity vs. Identity Confusion (Adolescent, 12-18 years). Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Intimacy vs. Isolation (Young Adult 18-35 years). Adults...
like feeding, toileting, and dressing.
Stage 3: Locomotor
Age: Early Childhood -- 2 to 6 years
Conflict: Initiative vs. Guilt
Important Event: Independence
The most important event at this stage is independence. The child continuesto be assertive and to take the initiative. Playing...
playing, and seminars (Knowles, 1980).
When examining the child-learner a primary difference is that children have fewer experiences or pre-established beliefs than adults and therefore have less means for “connecting the dots” in the learning experience. That is not to say that the life...
counseling to teach in the field of psychology. With today’s ever changing student dynamics, it is very likely that I will be teaching a wide age range. Understanding the young adolescences stages of Intimacy vs. Isolation and the adult stages of Generativity vs. Stagnation may shed light on how to...
Erikson’s stage is the trust vs. mistrust stage that has the child to learn to gain the trust or mistrust of their parent’s or caregivers. The second stage is 1 to 3 years old and in the Freud stage it is the anal stage. In the anal stage for Freud, the children get a sense of power to control and...
Many psychologists have many different theories on social development, but Erik Homburger Erikson, a developmental psychologist, was most commonly known for his theory on social development on human beings.
In Erikson’s theory, there are 8 different stages: Hope: Trust vs. Mistrust, Will...
. Does the child believe its caregivers to be reliable?
* will - Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt - Toddler stage / 1-3 years. Child needs to learn to explore the world. Bad if the parent is too smothering or completely neglectful.
* purpose - Initiative vs. Guilt - Preschool / 3-6 years - Can...
see around them. Mainly the children’s actions are mimicked by the actions of their parents. In Locke’s belief the child is more passive as where the adult is the decision maker. Locke thought that the parent’s decision making for the child is their way of molding a child. He also believes that a...
Because of fear of rejection or
The young adult is unable to form
Close, meaningful relationships
And becomes psychologically
Middle adulthood generatively vs. stagnation through child rearing, caring for
Others, productive work, and community...
. This helps the child to develop a sense of independence and self-control. If the parents are disapproving and over protective, then the child will feel shame and have doubt in their own abilities.
Initiative vs. guilt is the third stage. This stage is the preschool years between three to six years...
next stage is autonomy vs. shame and doubt. This stage usually lasts from ages one to three. During these years it is important for the parents of the child to create a supportive environment for the child so that they will learn to develop a sense of self-control, without a loss of self-esteem. This...
development task for the child is to decide whether people are reliable, trustworthy and dependable.
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1-3 years) - The parents again play a major influence role in this stage. The child develops a sense of independence and they learn to do things on their own. This is the...
known as autonomy vs. shame and doubt. This stage occurs between the ages of eighteen months to approximately the ages of two or three. During this point of development, children are growing at a shockingly fast rate. A child begins to have control over body mechanics and begins forming their own...
Erikson believed that we develop throughout our life span. The first stage (Trust vs Mistrust) starts when we are born, up to the age of one. Trust is important to the child, reassuring the role of comfort. If the parent or guardian is not consistent the emotion of mistrust will progress. A lot of...
childhood. This neglect can be experienced at any time throughout a person’s childhood. Most of the time, the neglect is nothing more than a misunderstanding between the child and adults, or even other children. The child misinterprets certain actions because he may not understand the intentions...