. Infant (Hope) – Basic Trust vs. Mistrust
2. Toddler (Will) – Autonomy vs. Shame
3. Preschooler (Purpose) – Initiative vs. Guilt
4. School-Age Child (Competence) – Industry vs. Inferiority
5. Adolescent (Fidelity) – Identity vs. Identity Diffusion
6. Young Adult (Love) – Intimacy...
Erikon's 8 Stages of Personality
1. Trust vs. Mistrust (birth to 2 Years)
-infant is totally dependent on others and learns to trust others
-infants also learns to distrust others
2. Autonomy vs. Shame (2 to 3 Years)
-child tries to become a separate individual and is allowed some...
age: 3 to 5 years. , Initiative vs. Guilt. This is the period when children experience a desire to copy the adults around them and they start to take the initiative in creating play situations. Initiative flourishes when adventure and game playing is encouraged. If the child is irresponsible and is...
. In accordance with Erikson’s theory, each person must experience a series of 8 interconnected stages over the whole lifespan namely:
1. Infant - Basic Trust vs. Mistrust
2. Toddler - Autonomy vs. Shame
3. Preschooler – Initiative vs. Guilt
4. School-Age Child – Industry vs...
next stage is autonomy vs. shame and doubt. This stage usually lasts from ages one to three. During these years it is important for the parents of the child to create a supportive environment for the child so that they will learn to develop a sense of self-control, without a loss of self-esteem. This...
environment. Industry vs. Inferiority (School-Age Child, 6-11years). Children need to cope with new social and academic demands. Identity vs. Identity Confusion (Adolescent, 12-18 years). Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Intimacy vs. Isolation (Young Adult 18-35 years). Adults...
of five; I always felt love from both my parents sometime during my infancy I did pull away from my father. He was in army and never around.
Stage 2 – Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (Toddlers 2 to 3) at this stage the child learns that they can explore their surroundings. Encouragement and patience...
We as humans have always put too much emphasis on unimportant factors and have made the mistake of making every conflict a “good vs. evil” battle, or in this case, “male vs. female”. In bad relationships, both the male and the female either want to have some sense of power or control over the other,...
assessed on five age groups that four people conducted. The age group that was assessed was 7,11,21,44, and 76. The last three theories that was described was Young Adulthood (40-65) Intimacy vs. Isolation- Young adult needs to form intimate loving relations. Middle Adulthood (40-65) Generativist vs...
see around them. Mainly the children’s actions are mimicked by the actions of their parents. In Locke’s belief the child is more passive as where the adult is the decision maker. Locke thought that the parent’s decision making for the child is their way of molding a child. He also believes that a...
Erikson’s stage is the trust vs. mistrust stage that has the child to learn to gain the trust or mistrust of their parent’s or caregivers. The second stage is 1 to 3 years old and in the Freud stage it is the anal stage. In the anal stage for Freud, the children get a sense of power to control and...
development task for the child is to decide whether people are reliable, trustworthy and dependable.
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1-3 years) - The parents again play a major influence role in this stage. The child develops a sense of independence and they learn to do things on their own. This is the...
different stages: Hope: Trust vs. Mistrust, Will: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt, Purpose: Initiative vs. Guilt, Competence: Industry vs. Inferiority, Fidelity: Identity vs. Role Confusion, Love: Intimacy vs. Isolation, Care: Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Wisdom: Ego Integrity vs. Despair. Each stage is...
stage, that Freud called this psychosexual stage the oral stage and Erikson called this psychosocial stage the trust vs. mistrust stage. Both Freud and Erikson acknowledge the trust and dependency infants have to their mothers. In the oral stage, the child makes the connection between the mother’s...
Adolescence Identity vs. role confusion through experimentation with
Different roles, the adolescent
Develops an integrated and stable
Self-definition; forms commitments
To future adult roles.
An apathetic adolescent or one
Who experiences pressures...
for Sexual Impulsivity: The Paraphilias and Paraphilia-Related Disorders
Perhaps no single act causes such strong emotions as the act of child sexual abuse. Child molesters cannot even find refuge in prisons where rapists and murderers are commonplace. These offenders are shunned in every aspect of our...
stage to Freud’s oral stage, as this is when the child is placing everything in the mouth; Freud also believed that the mother was responsible for the child in the success of his oral stage.
The second stage is Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt and is from the ages of one to three years of age...
|Adapted Freud's ID, Ego & Superego = Parent, Adult, |
| | |Child |
|EGO - reality testing, consider physical & |OBJECT REPRESENTATION - object...
Erik Homburger Erikson was born on June 15, 1902 in Frankfurt, Germany to Danish parents. He grew up in Europe and spent his young adult life under the training of Sigmund Freud. After he got his certification from the Maria Montessori School, he then did psychoanalytic training at the Vienna Psychoanalytic...
playing, and seminars (Knowles, 1980).
When examining the child-learner a primary difference is that children have fewer experiences or pre-established beliefs than adults and therefore have less means for “connecting the dots” in the learning experience. That is not to say that the life...
Any pertinent assessments to make: Assess for Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia, Monitor pulse, BP, ECG periodically during IV therapy. Check serum potassium
Any parameters to consider:
Any contraindications to giving this medication: Hyperkalemia, severe renal impairment, untreatted...
intestine. They include cellulose, some hemicelluloses, and lignin.
What are the fiber recommendations for children verses adults, according to the article?
Once a child reaches two (2) years of age the Step I diet should be gradually put into their diet. That reduces total and saturated fat intake...
like feeding, toileting, and dressing.
Stage 3: Locomotor
Age: Early Childhood -- 2 to 6 years
Conflict: Initiative vs. Guilt
Important Event: Independence
The most important event at this stage is independence. The child continuesto be assertive and to take the initiative. Playing...
while analyzing personality one must consider societal and historical factors. John (2005) states that, “Different societies, with their variation in child-rearing practices tend to shape personalities that fit the needs and values of their culture.”
Psychosocial Development and the Epigenetic Principle
June 16, 2014
Child Observation Narrative
I observed my two children; infant and toddler at the same time. The infant was 16 months, and the toddler was three. In my notes, child #1 is the infant and child #2 is the toddler. Both children are males. The setting for this observation...
the real world instead of fantasy. The ego is controlled by the “reality principle”, which can make sensible decisions to the world. For example, a child could take a biscuit from the packet, but won’t if the parent is nearby. The needs of the id are still there, but the ego recognizes the cost of stealing...
prominent psychoanalytic theorists ever. A follower of Sigmund Freud, he studied under Freud’s daughter Anna. He is most popular for his writings on child psychology. He developed a stage theory much like Freud's Stages of Psychosexual development, but unlike Freud’s emphasis on sexual impulses, Erikson...
. Does the child believe its caregivers to be reliable?
* will - Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt - Toddler stage / 1-3 years. Child needs to learn to explore the world. Bad if the parent is too smothering or completely neglectful.
* purpose - Initiative vs. Guilt - Preschool / 3-6 years - Can...
initiative vs. guilt. The child strives to gain the ability to do things on his or her own, such as dress him or herself. If "guilty" about making own choices, the child will experience guilt and won’t function well.
The fourth stage is industry vs. inferiority. This is “school-age”, usually six to twelve...
known as autonomy vs. shame and doubt. This stage occurs between the ages of eighteen months to approximately the ages of two or three. During this point of development, children are growing at a shockingly fast rate. A child begins to have control over body mechanics and begins forming their own...