transformational leadership give a clear guidance for leaders how to effectively motivate their followers (Northouse, 2010). Charismatic leadership which can be referred to Idealised influence in 4 ‘I’s can stimulate followers’ intrinsic motivation through leaders’ charisma (Levine et al., 2010). Knowing employees’...
Informal Networks: The Company Behind the Chart
by David Krackhardt and Jeffrey R. Hanson
Harvard Business Review
O T CO PY
RICHARD NORMANN AND RAFAEL RAMIREZ DAVID A. GARVIN GEORGE STALK, JR. AND ALAN...
synonymous terms” is an incorrect statement. Leadership doesn’t require any managerial position to act as a leader. On the other hand, a manager can be a true manager only if he has got the traits of leader in him. By virtue of his position, manager has to provide leadership to his group. A manager has to perform...
Addressing the Community Leadership Challenges Faced by Women Leaders
of Sitio Galilee, Antipolo
A Participatory Action Research
Frances Hera b. dela cruz
as mechanics, carpenters, small-scale artisans and domestic servants. The array of works mentioned above, we call, 'informal sector'. The share of the urban labor force engaged in informal-sector activities in developing countries is about 20 to 70 percent, the average being around 50% (Todaro, 1997).
essential for organizational change. Over the past 25 years, I’ve worked with a variety of very talented leaders, and one thing I know for sure: Regardless of how creative, smart and savvy a leader may be, he or she can’t transform an organization, a department or a team without the brain power and commitment...
Explain the interrelationship between formal & informal organization.
This question requires the discussion interrelationship between formal organization and informal organization. First we want to know about what the formal organization is and what the informal organization is. Formal organization is a fixed...
Nursing Leader Interview
The nurse manager of the cardiac rehabilitation unit has been a formal nurse leader for the past five years. The conversation began with a discussion about her personal leadership style and how it evolved from a knee jerk style to her current democratic style. Being a nurse...
Behavior: Case Study 2
IBM’s Multicultural Multinational Teams
Why do you think IMB’s culture changed from formal, stable, and individualistic to informal, impermanent, and team oriented?
IBM used to be one of the most tradition bound companies on the planet. Management used to be a top down, authoritarian...
Leader toxicity: An empirical investigation of toxic behavior and rhetoric
Kathie L. Pelletier
Leadership 2010 6: 373
The online version of this article can be found at:
During the period of the Roman Republic through the emergence of Islam, different leaders exhibited different styles of leadership and employed different political strategies. In addition, these leaders came to power and maintained their control in their own unique ways. Each...
According to the questionnaire in chapter 15, I am a leader. This means that I have a motivation toward teamwork and wanting everyone to strive toward common goals. In addition, I like seeing fellow workers grow and develop into successful employees. I am considered a self starter with the ability to...
enabling leadership) that reflect a dynamic relationship between the bureaucratic, administrative functions of the
organization and the emergent, informal dynamics of complex adaptive systems (CAS).
© 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Leadership; Complexity theory; Complex adaptive systems...
College of Business Administration
Northern Arizona University
Box 15066 Flagstaff AZ 86011
Formal vs. Informal Leading: A Comparative Analysis
Working Paper Series
00-04 — Sept 2000
C. Dean Pielstick
College of Business Administration Northern Arizona University 3714 W Church...
The emergence of photography moved synchronizedly with the development of cameras and how it was used from the previous century until now. In basic, photography previously taken as a solution to share an image with others who do not experience the real situation.
Definition of Photography...
generally a high degree of personal interaction. Recent technological advances have made it much easier for people to communicate with one another. The emergence of the Internet in the 1990"s has forever changed the way that people will interact with one another. E-mail has become a way to connect with co-workers...
leader’s influence, invests in the future, and improves retention. Leaders reap immediate benefits from developing subordinate leaders by increasing their overall influence in an organization. A leader who does not develop subordinate leaders relies solely on his leadership abilities to run an organization...
Contextual Factors Inﬂuencing Informal Learning in a Workplace Setting: The Case of “Reinventing Itself Company”
Andrea D. Ellinger
Informal learning is one of the most prevalent forms of learning in the workplace. However, little is known about how such learning is best supported, encouraged, and...
The leadership can be defined as “The process by which an individual exerts influence other people and inspires, motivates, and directs their activities to help achieve group or organization goals” (George, 2006: 148). In any organization there are several types of leaders. Leaders...
The reputation of my work place is good and it has its own style of presentation and receiving and dealing with the customers.
The leader ship recognizes in this organization it has been exceptional. In identifying, developing and supporting the growth of the restaurant and giving more...
important was the Second Reform Act (1867) in Disraeli’s emergence as Conservatives leader?
This question focuses on the importance of the Second Reform Act in Disraeli’s rise to the top of the Conservative Party and his emergence as the leader. In order to decide on the relative importance of the Send...
The Emergence of the Fast Fashion Business Model and Imposed Quick Response Challenges for Chinese Fabric Manufacturers
Jennie Hope Peterson, Jimmy Chang, Yiu-Hing Wong, and Carl A. Lawrence
Abstract This chapter explores and develops fast fashion in the current retailing industry and its impacts...
Teachers as Curriculum Leaders
For the purpose of this assignment, the syllabus under consideration is the mathematics syllabus and the outcome that is to be discussed shall be the level 3 outcome for topic N 3.2. This outcome shall take in consideration the students’ ability to add...
Profiling a Transformational Leader: Mary McLeod Bethune
Harold D. Lewis, Sr.
The written assignment is a profile of the transformational leadership style of Mary McLeod Bethune as she inspired a prejudice...
Came Memo- Informal settlement in Cairo
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and highlighted by the city’s several names—al-Qahirah (‘the Victorious’), Umm al-Dunia (‘Mother of the World’), or simply Masr (the nation as a whole) (Howeidy,2009:13).
Cairo suffers from the burden of...
O x fo rd
L e a d e r ship
J ou r n a l
shifting the trajectory of civilisation
March 2010 • Volume 1, Issue 2
Developing Leaders? Developing Countries?
Henry Mintzberg is Cleghorn Professor of Management Studies at McGill University in
Montréal, Canada, and co-founder...
The informal Economy in Egypt, can it be an engine for poverty reduction.
Dr Magda Asssaad
The informal economy definition is a very wide one. It is difficult to define it because of the agreement on the activities to be deemed informal make it...
Do leaders always have positions of power? If not, then who are the various leaders in your work setting and what makes them informal leaders?
No leaders do not always have a position of power. Although being a nurse in its self holds a great deal of power and immense responsibility. Impacting lives...
The employees with the largest amount of status in the informal organization usually become its informal leader. Some of the advantages of informal leadership are that the informal leader is someone within an organization or work unit who, by virtue of how he or she is perceived by his peers (or others...
Identify an informal group in an organisation. Interact with group members and get their views on the group set up, group members' roles and functions, level of achievement of group goals, challenges facing group cohesiveness/ division in group leader-group member relationship.
Informal Groups within...