though students should
complete some of the
reading in advance.
Photocopies of materials.
The Cold War: Containment at Home and Abroad
The Cold War: How did anti-communist fear affect
American politics and Culture in the 1950s?
INTRODUCTION FOR STUDENTS...
, arms buildup and interventionist approach to international relations. In such a hostile atmosphere, no single party was entirely to blame for the Cold War; in fact, some historians believe it was inevitable.
The Cold War: Containment
By the time World War II ended, most American officials...
choose the particular language they did and how did they come to "inhabit" it? While the power vacuums and risks of the postwar world may have provided the occasion for a more activist foreign policy, American ideology determined the form American intervention in the world would take, defined the...
affairs and mapped out a counterstrategy that would form the basis of American foreign policy for nearly half a century (Hook & Spanier, p. 35).”
The original premise of Kennan’s containment theory was to limit the expanse of communism by containing the Soviets to the Eastern Block of Europe...
Latin America, especially following the Cuban revolution that brought Fidel Castro to power in the 1950s. Kennedy’s focus on the Western hemisphere suggests that the influence of the Monroe Doctrine was still being felt almost a century and a half after its inception. Jimmy Carter’s doctrine...
United States have the resolve to shape a
new century favorable to American principles and interests?
¡§[What we require is] a military that is strong and ready to meet
both present and future challenges; a foreign policy that boldly and
purposefully promotes American principles abroad; and national...
the war had on American life. This war helped shape history and many of the different societies that were involved. The Cold War contributed to the shaping of our nation and the world.
A Cold War is defined as a continuing state of resentful antagonism between two parties short of open hostility...
.” (Fairbank, p.238) 2.2. Predicting Jiang Jieshi’s “Losing the Mandate” in 1943 When the Pacific War was only half over, Fairbank came to China in September, 1942 for the second time as an employee of OWI and as a special assistant to the American ambassador. This time, he travelled to many places...
globalization did just that, although the process had roots in the late-nineteenth-century growth of American power. The concept, therefore, requires scholars of foreign relations to leap outside of the normal parameters of the nation-state and political-military affairs and take into account such...
2. Secretary of Commerce Henry A. Wallace Questions the “Get Tough” Policy, 1946
How do American actions since V-J Day appear to other nations? I mean by actions the concrete things like $13 million for the War and Navy Departments, the Bikini tests of the atomic bomb and continued...
establishment of the Soviet Comintern, which called for revolutionary upheavals abroad.
Subsequent leader Joseph Stalin, who viewed the Soviet Union as a "socialist island", stated that the Soviet Union must see that "the present capitalist encirclement is replaced by a socialist encirclement." As...
improve conditions of radical insecurity and the threat of an uncertain future.
1.5 Wars are almost always legitimated in order to make the world safe for "our children's future" but the rhetoric belies how their future is often denied by the acts of aggression put into place by a range of state...
constitution in the British tradition?
3. What were the shortcomings of the Articles of Confederation?
4. What events and situations motivated a desire for a stronger central government in some Americans?
5. What compromises were required to produce the Constitution?
6. How did the Anti...
these organs of suppression. The quest for absolute power,|
|pursued now for nearly three decades with a ruthlessness unparalleled (in scope at least) in modern times, has again produced |
|internally, as it did externally, its own reaction. The excesses of the police apparatus have fanned the...
bad president for only three reasons:
1. Killing the protesters, even those that were in high school, that were protesting the Vietnam War
2. Killing over a half a million troops in Vietnam
3. The Water Gate Scandal where five of Richard Nixon's men were trying to steal...
and transportation. Moreover, agriculture supplied the raw materials for some of the nation's leading manufactures such as textiles and food products. In brief, agriculture was a powerful engine behind American economic development in the first half of the nineteenth century (Schelbecker 194...
situation was more unfortunate for stirring mass revolutions than the Soviets. With significantly less population and a more out-of-the-way geographical location, Minh didn’t have the same capabilities for tyranny, as did Stalin for example. However, just like his Soviet predecessors, Minh struggled...
the nineteenth century as a template for such a new security arrangement which shall be capable of fostering peace, mitigating conflict, and most notably be able to manage the upcoming power transition in the international system in terms of Just Peace Governance.
The “European Concert” is...
industrial policy, the
close relationship between the rise of aviation and the actions of North Atlantic
states, the effective coalition of European states that worked together to
build Airbus globally, and, finally, the muted nature of the American response
to the rise of Airbus.
$13 billion for the economic recovery of war-torn Europe; it was based on the belief tht communism does well in tough economic conditions. The plan didn’t include the Soviet Union, but it split Europe into 2 competing blocs.
v. The American Policy of Containment
1. By 1947, the split b/w East...
6.) The administration felt another red scare would happen if there was a pull out (the same thing happened after China was lost)
7.) Americans viewed Vietnam as the key to keeping SE Asia out of communist hands (domino theory, containment, and Truman Doctrine)
8.) Refusal to...
rose to national fame as a prominent member of the House Un-American Activities Committee in the late 1940s when he successfully prosecuted Alger Hiss for being a Communist. Nixon later served as vice president under Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1961. He lost his own bid for the presidency...
how important it was for white America to treat the blacks as equal human beings, giving them the same opportunities; however, Eisenhower's actions stated the exact opposite. This quote, taken from a 1958 speech that Eisenhower gave to a group of black leaders, sums up the President's approach...
Cold War; one side was led by the U.S., and the other by the Soviet Union, but this situation also led to the establishment of the Non-Aligned Movement. This period lasted until almost the end of the 20th century, and was characterized by ideological struggle. A policy of containment...
presence allowed it to advance its “containment” for decades. A 1950 treaty allowed for American military bases in Japan. The Korean War would provide a huge impetus to the Japanese economy (Weisberger, 1985, 314).
It is interesting how war makes friends of enemies, and that the reverse is true...
election with 43% of the popular vote. This leads into an interesting question as to why the PRI was in power for more than half a century. Evidence and records suggests that voters are more willing to vote for a party for which they have more familiarity (less risk) and that risk-aversion among the...
very different religions, ideologies or economic systems as quite similar in their actions with regard to national power.
* Realism provided a theoretical foundation for the Cold War policy of containment and the determination of U.S. policy makers not to appease the Soviet Union and China as...
United States of America faces a broad and complex array of challenges to our national security. Just as America helped to determine the course of the 20th century, we must now build the sources of American strength and influence, and shape an international order capable of overcoming the challenges...
unprepared United States again had to commit large numbers of troops in a war a half a world away. The North Korean attack on South Korea stressed American responsibilities overseas. Containment of communist aggression was the official policy of the United States. This meant that American commitments in...
END OF THE COLD WAR
For almost half a century, Europe was forcibly divided into East and West by the "Iron Curtain", a border stretching from the Barents Sea to the Black Sea
The Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary dividing Europe into two...