Sociology of Education
What do Marxists say about the education system?
• Marxists see that the ruling class or 'bourgeoisie' rule the workers or 'proletariat'.
• The bourgeoisie have the wealth and the...
Functionalist and Marxist theories of Education in Society.
The role of education in society has an important effect on society by way of transmitting cultural values and contributing to the social stratification or class system. Functionalists also referred to as consensus theorists believe education helps stability...
Assess the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on ideology and reproduce the existing class structure.
Education is a vital system in most societies, and is compulsory for all children up to the age of 16 in Britain. There are many different ideas...
Examine Marxist views on the role of education; (12 Marks)
Marxists views are based on conflict rather than functionalist views which are based on consensus and meritocracy (equality of opportunity). Marxists believe that the education system is not meritocratic as it simply prepares the Prolateriat...
Assess the Functionalist view of education. (20 marks)
Functionalists is a consensus theory that sees society as working well like a well oiled machine. In this essay I will be assessing Functionalist views of education with juxtaposition from Marxists, Interactionists and Feminists over the...
Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Marxist view of the role of education in society
The Marxist perspective of education in society can be very questionable because Marxist theorists such as; Louis Althusser, Bowles and Gintis, David Reynolds and Willis all seem to disagree with one another...
Education is the process for learning basic life skills, to get children to socially interact with others and to enable people to get good qualifications so they can gain better careers.
Functionalists offer an optimistic analysis of the role of education and they maintain that education and training...
predominantly a Marxist concept [20 marks]
A hidden curriculum is a side effect of an education, "[lessons] which are learned but not openly intended” such as the transmission of norms, values, and beliefs conveyed in the classroom and the social environment. Although an important Marxist concept is also...
This refers to the Marxist view that the appearance that rewards are based on merit in education and society as a whole is not true – it is an example of false consciousness which makes society seem fair and inequalities seem justified.
Suggest 3 ways in which education benefits society. ...
What are Marxist theories of inequality?
• Marxism is concerned for the poor and powerless.
• It claims that society is in conflict between the rich who control everything and the poor who must work for the rich and gain little...
Marxists take a critical view of the role of education. Capitalist society is essentially a two-class system, with a ruling class exploiting the working class. Marxists see education as being run in the interests of the ruling class.
For example, Althusser argues that education is an important...
Assess the view that the education system serves to maintain the capitalist system.
The Marxists believe that capitalism involves two classes the bourgeoisie (ruling class) and the proletariat (working class). They say that the ruling class exploit the working class for profit. Marxists say that education...
Functionalists say that education helps society in three ways. These are; education teaches the skills needed in work and by the economy, that education sifts and sorts people for appropriate jobs (allocation function). Finally, functionalists say that education plays a part in secondary socialisation...
Describe functionalist and Marxist perspective on education.
Education can be described as the method whereby society continually passes on the knowledge it has gain from pass generations to the next or future generation. It is centered around and entails the teaching of the three R’s...
woman as their equal. To allow black women to step out of their stereotypes is too guilt provoking, for it threatens the complacency if those woman who view oppression only in terms of sex. She finds she is constantly being encouraged to pluck out some one aspect of myself and present this as the meaningful...
understanding of the role of education. (20 marks)
‘The value of the Functionalist approach to education lies mainly in the emphasis that it gives to the links between the education system and aspects of the wider social structure.’ (ITEM A) Functionalism is the view that education is used a one of the many...
Outline and Assess the Marxist views on Social Inequality (40)
One view Marxist sociologists have on social inequality is that we live in a society controlled by the Tri-level structure where the Bourgeoisie oppress the Proletariat by controlling the means of production and the manual labour they...
Functionalists have constructed two questions to help them research
education. The first question is. "What are the functions of
education for society as a whole?" and the second question is. "What
are the functional relationships between the education system and
other parts of the social system".
The revolution of 1948 brought about dramatic changes in China, however, these changes did not occur in a cultural vacuum. Even before the Chinese Marxist began their campaign against Confucian practices, economist Max Weber argued that Confucianism would be an obstacle to China’s progress to capitalism...
The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare and qualify them for work in the economy as well as helping to integrate individuals into society and teach them the norms, values and morals of society. Yet there are three sociological theories that differ greatly between...
Assess the view that Marxism is not relevant today
Marxism is a structural theory, seeing society and all its institutions controlled by the bourgeoisie to serve the ruling class interests. Traditional Marxism sees society divided into two classes: the ruling capitalist (bourgeoisie) class who own...
sociological views on the reasons for, and solutions to poverty.
For this essay I will assess the sociological views of poverty and what certain groups of people think about it.
Poverty is very hard to define as it is very subjective and there are many different views on it which...
Assess functionalist views of the role of education.
Functionalists emphasise positive aspects of schools, this is the idea of a ‘consensus’ perspective; where there is an agreement about what is valued within a society. These are like Emile Durkheim's social facts or moral regulation in...
such as Durkheim, society is a living, external organism, and its existence precedes its members; “society makes man (or woman)” in other words. Such a view of society has been massively useful for understanding the world we live in on a macro scale, and the fundamental propositions of the likes of Durkheim...
‘Every sociological perspective has its limitations; however some are more useful than others to our understanding of society’. Assess this view.
Society is a population of humans that share relationships, culture and institutions. More broadly, a society is an economic, social and industrial structure...
material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of the role of education.
As mentioned in Item A, Marxists take a critical view of the role of education. They see society as based on class divisions and capitalist exploitations. The capitalist society is a two...
the claim that the role of education is to transmit the ruling class ideology (20marks)
Sociologists would agree that there are many roles in education but one of the main roles is to transmit a ruling class ideology, one perspective would be Marxism that see’s education based on class division and...
functions that the education system may perform.
(300 words/ 12 marks)
There are a variety of many different sociological perspectives such as Marxist, Functionalists and the New Rights, which view the functions of the education system very differently. Functionalist view education as creating a consensus...
state. Meanwhile, the pluralism model believes that power is non-hierarchal and shared among all groups of people. This paper dissects each models’ view of concentrated power, examining how and why they consider it an issue, and what they deem to be its effect(s). Some of the inconsistencies within each...
In the following essay I am going to compare and contrast the theories of marxism and functionalism, looking at the topics of the family and education.
Functionalism has a macro-structural approach to society. It looks at society as a whole and is known as a consensus perspective i.e. everyone...