the English Language arrived in South Asia as a result of colonisation. Unlike its history in the Caribbean, however, English has always co-existed in the Indian subcontinent alongside thousands of local languages. So for most of the population, it has only ever been a second language.
improvement or development
For example in Economic terms: Economic growth is typically just a number, often GDP (gross domestic product) GNP (Gross National Product), Economic development in a community or country is overall living standards and opportunities to improve.
1. Can Secularism be...
A “mother tongue” is quite literally the language of the speaker’s mother. However, a child is not born with knowledge of this language nor is it something which is genetically transmitted. According to linguists, children can learn easily whichever languages they are exposed to till around the age of...
the socio-cultural level regarding the relative acceptability of English and its most formidable regional rival, now the national language of India --Hindi. Interestingly, language as a problem never emerged as a concern of the multitudes during a few thousand years old history of the country when by...
Language problem in india ....
ITS DIVERSE EFFECTS ON OUR COUNTRYS ECONOMY
India is one the greatest or well you can also say one of the weirdest countries in the world….
it’s a country u could never have thought would come over 50 years living together….
Our country on its way had to deal with...
An Artificial Divide?
THE HINDU IN 1953 POINTS OUT HOW IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO BANISH ENGLISH LANGUAGE FROM INDIA. ENGLISH LANGUAGE IS HERE PERSONAIFIED AS A PRISONER FACING TRIAL IN A COURT, AND PEOPLE WHO DISLIKE ENGLISH IN INDIA IS THE JUDGE.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN INDIA HAS, ACCORDING TO R K NARAYAN BECOME A SUBJECT THAT CONFUSES...
Development (Financial Assistance)
Abstract: In our rural survey we were focusing on financial assistance schemes running by central government for rural people i.e. farmers .The target location we choose was villages’ outskirts of Allahabad city. We divided our shelf in further sub-group to carry out data...
global language of trade and commerce in the past few decades,
affecting many key aspects of business in the modern world. The English language has become
the standard for all important official communications in an increasingly large number of
countries with a wide variety of native languages. In the...
Gender, Friendship, and Excess in 1970s Hindi Cinema
The Bombay film industry (Bollywood) is usually considered, along with other state-sanctioned institutions, in its role as a force for cultural and political consolidation within the architecture...
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION OF INDIAN PRINT MEDIA 1.1 INDIAN PRINT MEDIA With 62,483 newspapers and periodicals in 101 languages, and combined daily circulation of 99 million, India is the second biggest newspaper market in the world despite its poor literacy rates. Print, despite being the biggest incumbent...
Communication Barriers :
Language was not a barrier in communication as far as office work was concerned, as majority of the communication was restricted to English language. Whereas, barriers were there in field work in villages of Shivpuri district of Madhya Pradesh. The villagers used...
British English than to American, Australian or Canadian English. And due to the presence of vernacular languages in our country, English was chosen to be the co-official language of the union of India. Our obvious choice is one of the varieties of British English; which educated southern British English...
in special cases regional language. English should be used as a library language. Students should learn only mother tongue at the primary stage. At the secondary stage a foreign language, preferably English should be taught as the second language and another Indian language- classical or modern-may be...
dominate in the East. Hindus tended to oppose partition, which was more popular among Muslims. What followed partition, however, stimulated an almost national anti-British movement that involved non-violent and violent protests, boycotts and even an assassination attempt against the Governor of the new province...
English is an Obstacle in the Development of All Indian regional Languages
Before independence, our rulers-the British had a definite policy in keeping us uneducated. They had seen a successful experiment in Africa, naming it the Dark Continent, a overpopulated teeming mass of...
and ideologically in order to grasp the various forces which have shaped its current perception as a sectarian language adopted by Indian Muslims, marking their separation from the national collectivity. In this article I wish to explore these themes through the lens of literature, specifically an Indian...
research and attracts eminent scholars to its faculty. The University of Delhi attracts students from the different parts of the country.
In our survey, we interviewed students from various colleges under DU. Some of them were from St.Stephens College, Sri.Venketeshwara College, Jesus and Mary...
State Level Coordinators of Oil Industry
invite participation of Students in
National & State Level Essay Competition OGCF' 2013
Topic of Essay
Last date of receipt of
Students of Class X and above including Under Graduate & Postgraduate from
Hindi hai hum (hindi is our mother tongue) …….. are we really..???
Origin of ‘HINGLISH’ or as I say.. HINDIFICATION OF ENGLISH WORDS…!!
After our independence, HINDI was declared to be the national language of our country. But this happened only in the paper, what came out in practice was much...
Ang malawak na pagbabago ng ekonomiya ay nagdulot ng maraming kapakipakinabang na pagbabago sa lipunan. Subalit sa kabila ng ganitong mga pag-unlad, hindi mawawala ang mga panganib na dulot ng maling paggamit ng mga inobasyon at tuklas na nagmula as “Information Technology.” Wika nga’y, tao ang gumagawa...
The obstacles to national unity
Racial Inequality, Social Inequality, Religious inequality... etc
(1) Regionalism/Separatism (ii) Linguism (iii) Casteism and (iv) communalism.
(i) Regionalism/Separatism: Regionalism or Separatism is the most advance obstacle in the way of National Unity and development...
absorbed languages that connected me to the world outside; that connected me to my family, friends and myself. Every night my mother would hum the familiar tunes of an old Hindi lullaby, calming and soothing our minds as we slipped smoothly and soundly into the depths of our dreams; And it was in Hindi that...
Tamil Nadu Uniform System of School education. Samacheer Kalvi or Equitable Education is a praiseworthy step that has added light in the gloomy parts of our society. This system comes under the School Education Department of Government of Tamil Nadu. Followed by the Tamil Nadu Uniform System of School Education...
English in India and the role of the elite in the national project
the elite in the national project1
Annie MO NTAUT, INALCO (SeDyL), Paris
Problematizing Language Studies, Cultural, Theoretical and Applied Perspectives,
Essays in Honor of Rama Kant Agnihotri
Akar Books, Delhi, 2010...
Issues and Goals
National Integration and Secularism
NATIONAL INTEGRATION AND SECULARISM
You must have learnt and recited our national anthem, ‘Jana-gana-mana’. You would have also solemnly recited it with others on several occasions, especially while celebrating national events, such as...
* Each government must have their own authority and spheres of power, though they may overlap.
* Neither level of government, state or national can abolished the other.
Why Federalism is Important?
Federalism is important because of the following reasons:
* Because of diversity, there...
like medical facilities, proper sanitation, etc.
7. They have few amusements and recreations and their life is monotonous.
8. After Independence, our Government is busy in different programmes for rural uplift.
The Indian villagers lead a natural life. They do not know of any artificiality...
Women--India--Social conditions. 2. Hindi language. 3. India--Social life and customs. I. Anantharam, Anita. II. Title. PK2098.V3M34 2010 305.420954--dc22 2009051867
This edited volume of translations covers the major political essays of India’s first feminist Hindi poet. A devout follower and...
FIFTY YEARS OF LANGUAGE PLANNING FOR MODERN HINDI
The Official Language of India
Hindi - according to the 1991 Census of India, is the mother tongue of 233,432,285 persons (22% of the entire Indian population), and is spoken as a language (which includes 47 or so mother tongues cobbled...