FIFTY YEARS OF LANGUAGE PLANNING FOR MODERN HINDI
The Official Language of India
Hindi - according to the 1991 Census of India, is the mother tongue of 233,432,285 persons (22% of the entire Indian population), and is spoken as a language (which includes 47 or so mother tongues cobbled...
Shanghai’s Population Density India’s population density.
Historical populations |
Year | Pop. | ±% |
1953 | 6,204,417 | — |
1964 | 10,816,458 | +74.3% |
1982 | 11,859,748 | +9.6% |
1990 | 13,341,896 | +12.5% |
2000 | 16,407,734 | +23.0% |
2010 | 23,019,148...
Cinema is a popular media of mass consumption which plays a key role in moulding opinions, constructing images and reinforcing dominant cultural values. Hindi cinema has been a major point of reference for Indian culture in this century. It has shaped and expressed the changing scenarios of modern India to...
and the Creation of Hindi Media
Communities in Singapore
Arunajeet KAUR and Faizal YAHYA
Indian communities in Singapore, especially of non-Tamil sub-ethnicity,
have received renewed impetus to replenish their cultural ties with India
as a homeland with the advent of Hindi Cable channels such...
An Artificial Divide?
Javanese (1890- 1939). By 1971 the Surinamese Javanese community numbered 60,000, comprising 16% of the population of the colony. 34,000 Indians (1873-1916)
Asian Migration cont’d
Indians, & 4,000 Chinese
Gender, Friendship, and Excess in 1970s Hindi Cinema
The Bombay film industry (Bollywood) is usually considered, along with other state-sanctioned institutions, in its role as a force for cultural and political consolidation within the architecture...
English is now taught on a vast scale at the international level and, according to estimates, its speakers, numbering almost one-third of the world’s population, use the language for a wide range of activities. This phenomenon gave us the main impetus for developing this new approach to teaching.
India - Population
The 1991 final census count gave India a total population of 846,302,688. However, estimates of India's population vary widely. According to the Population Division of the United Nations Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, the population had already reached...
of Luzon, the largest Philippine island. More
than one third of this population lives in the metropolitan area of Manila, the Philippine capital.
Tagalog is also spoken as a second or third language
by almost the total population of the Philippines.
Several dialects of Tagalog are spoken in different
generated by a film in India.
Break-up of 2009 Indian feature films produced in 24 Languages. |
Rank | Language | No. of films |
1 | Hindi | 235 |
2 | Telugu | 218 |
3 | Tamil | 190 |
4 | Kannada | 177 |
5 | Marathi | 99 |
6 | Malayalam | 94 |
7 | Bengali | 84 |
8 | Bhojpuri...
the sub-continent and was spoken and used by both, Hindus and Muslims. All groups had contributed towards the development of the language.
The Urdu-Hindi controversy started with the fall of the Mughal Empire. This is because the Hindus felt that Urdu was a language of the invaders as many Turkish, Arabic...
over every aspect of life, from commonplace daily chores to education and politics. Hinduism is the dominant faith, practiced by over 80% of the population. Besides Hindus, Muslims are the most prominent religious group and are an essential part of Indian society. Common practices are now a part of most...
India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean...
earning 33% of the income. Despite significant economic progress, a quarter of the nation's population earns less than the government-specified poverty threshold of $0.40 per day. In 2004–2005, 27.5% of the population was living below the poverty line. More recently, India has capitalized on its large pool...
HOW TO RAISE AN AWARENESS ABOUT THE LIFE INSURANCE IN THE COUNTRY
The Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) (Hindi: भारतीय जीवन बीमा निगम) is the largest state-owned life insurance company in India, and also the country's largest investor. It is fully owned by the Government of India. Headquartered...
community. In the words of Rabindranath Tagore, “a nation, in the sense of the political and economic union of a people, is that aspect which a whole population assumes when organized for a mechanical purpose.” Therefore, the coinage of the term ‘nation’ is both inclusive and exclusive as those opposed to...
influence, directly and indirectly, in the world. Its significance lies not only in its size -- some 930 million Indians are 15 percent of the planetary population -- but also in the questions raised by the path India has chosen in domestic and foreign policy. This nation is the largest functioning democracy...
based on natural selection and mechanisms of population genetics. They emulate nature's effective optimisation techniques of evolution Ð being based on preferential survival and reproduction of the ®ttest members of the population, the maintenance of a population with diverse members, the inheritance of...
|Outcome Performance Measures |Ministry Responsible for Target |
| |2008 - 50 % of population considered |% of population using Internet more | |
| |regular Internet users ...
Science writing in Hindi appears to have began in 1818 (Patariya, 2000) with the publication of a magazine named “Hindi Digdarshan,” copies of which were circulated to many schools in West Bengal. ‘Digdarshan' regularly incorporated materials on science, a trend that was not in vogue at that time even...
India's population grew by 21.34 % between 1991 and 2000. If the growth continues in the same way, space might be a problem.
Although India occupies only 2.4% of the world's land area, it supports over 15% of the world's population. 63.5% of the population are the age of 14-65. The population is growing...
English, Spanish and Castilian are also spoken largely in various corners of the country of Trinidad and Tobago. Hindi is also another very popular language in Trinidad. Many people use Hindi as their way to communicate. In fact, the language difference is varied with place to place. In different locality...
they were enthusiastic users of Urdu. They were also struggling to procure political status for Hindi which would displace Urdu. In their eagerness to achieve this objective, they began declaring Hindi rather than Punjabi as their mother tongue in the censuses with the intention of gaining numerical...
Disadvantage of Telephone” in Hindi
Essay on “Advantage and Disadvantage of Telephone” in Hindi
Read this Essay on “Benefit and Loss of Telephone” in Hindi language.
Waitrose positioned as a high-end supermarket, which both countries have large business potentials with their rapid growing high-purchasing power population. However, it is crucial to fully understand both markets’ political backgrounds, economic performances and social-cultural contexts before investing...
INSTITUTE FOR TECHNOLGY AND MANAGEMENT
A Study of Value Innovation In Hindi News Channels.
(An assignment in partial fulfillment of internal assessment requirements of paper “Research Methodology” for second term of Executive MBA with specialization of ITM Executive Education Centre, Kharghar in...
Aligarh Muslim University.
Organizations he founded
• Mohammadan Educational Conference
In 1876, some Hindus began to demand that Hindi should be made an official language in place of Urdu. Communal violence broke out as firebrands took up the issue. Sir Syed had once stated, "I look...
Gujarati: Jowari, Juar
Hindi : Jowari, Juar
Kannada : Jola
Marathi : Jowari, Jondhala
Oriya : Juara
Punjabi : Jowar
Tamil : Cholam
Telugu : Jonna
Gujarati: Jowari, Juar
Hindi : Jowari, Juar
Kannada : Jola
Marathi : Jowari, Jondhala
List of Hindi-English ~-~
S.No. Name of Dictionary
Ri.~. ~ C5T ";ffif
A Practical Hindi-English Mahendra Dictionary Chaturvedi & Dr. Bholanath Tiwari
National Publishing Rs.175.00 House...
Nowadays, due to India's population is constantly increasing, the Indian became more and more powerful economy and trade country, more policy relaxation of import and export trade standards...
The world’s largest democracy is distinctive. With dozens of languages and hundreds of dialects spoken, India’s population is among the most diverse in the world.
“It’s very fluid, very dynamic, almost chaotic when viewed from the outside,” said Mira Kamdar, author of Planet India, a book that examines...
multi-cultural and multi-religious society. With its cultural diversity, India has more festivals than there are days in a year. The official language is Hindi with English as the secondary official language.
Asian Indians form one of the smallest minorities in the United States. Long before the first...
times enforced as an official language on the peoples who fell under British rule or US domination in Asia, Africa and Central and South America. The population of these countries still spoke their mother tongue or had command of both languages. After World War II as a result of the national liberation movement...
level of development.
It is common knowledge that India is the country with the second biggest population in the world. Its population is estimated as one billion people in 2006 (1). This huge population is rather diverse but there are three main things that united the whole nations. They are: language...
1,173,108,018 (July 2010 est.)
0-14 years: 30.5% (male 187,197,389/female 165,285,592)
15-64 years: 64.3% (male 384,131,994/female 359,795,835)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 28,816,115/female 31,670,841) (2010 est.)
additional education in the grown-up-drop-outs is being given a new orientation to make it purposeful and to attract a broad spectrum of the drop-out population.
In Indian Education system, adult education programmes covers the age group 1-35 and has been vigorously implemented by the government with the...
Children Anita Bose Pfaff
Subhas Chandra Bose ( listen (help·info); 23 January 1897 – unknown) also known as Netaji (Bengali/Oriya/Hindi): “Respected Leader”), was one of the most prominent Indian nationalist leaders who attempted to gain India's independence from British rule by force...
as large as France but with a significantly larger population. The eastern region was thought to be neglected and under-governed. By splitting the province, an improved administration could be established in the east where, subsequently, the population would benefit from new schools and employment opportunities...
country, accounting for over 90 percent of the national readership. If one were to look at the top 10 newspapers of the country, Hindi journalism clearly dominates. Hindi newspapers occupy the top four slots; five are from regional languages, while there is only one English newspaper in the list. The...
adherents of Hinduism. For other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). There are many languages that Hinduism is associated with. Examples: Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Marati.
|Part of a series on |
Television, and its effects on the Indian population
Ever since the advent of modern communication technology that has allowed people around the world to communicate ever so easily, the world itself seems like a smaller space. Broadcasting is an especially effective manner through which millions of...
This piece on Hindu nationalism, written by Alok Rai, deals with the coming of modern Hindi in the late 90s and the early 20s. Alok Rai who is also known as a critical thinker, theorist and also the grandson of Premchand makes his readers aware of the process of modernization in the...
territory and diverse in population as India, the British brought civil servants and educators from Great Britain to staff the upper positions in the colonial government. These English administrators tended to live in enclaves that were socially isolated from the indigenous population. The role of such officials...
life of which influences public daily life of Indian. It has a large implication in business sense.
Hinduism, accounts for 80% of the population, is the largest religion in India. As the major religion, Hinduism becomes the tradition throughout India. However, Hindus values cause some barriers...
takot sila sa Dios ay hindi nila gagawin iyon dahil masama iyon sa mata ng Dios at sa mata ng tao.
2. Gusto nilang maging mayaman pa kaya kinukuha nila ang kaban ng bayan. Hindi sila kuntento kung ano ang meron sila.
3. Ang mga may katungkulan sa pamahalaan na gumagawa nito ay hindi tapat na maglingkod...
claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Capital New Delhi
Largest city Mumbai
Recognised regional languages
National language None
Government Federal parliamentary
"Most of the studies showing beneficial effects are based on very large intakes that just aren't realistic for the general population," he said. "The typical American consumes 10 to 14 grams a day. The recommendation is for 25 or more grams, which is a huge departure from one's...
Proud To Be Pinoy Ka ba?
* by ~originalnameless, Jan 17, 2013, 7:27:31 PM
* Journals / Personal
Hindi ko maipaliwanag ang galit ko sa video na ito [link]
Pamagat pa lang, may "Hindi Dapat" na nakalagay, parang sinasabing ikahiya ang pagiging Pilipino.
Simulan natin sa mga unang paglalarawan...
Linguistic groups: from 3000 BC
The most widespread group of languages today is the Indo-European, spoken by half the world's population. This entire group, ranging from Hindi and Persian to Norwegian and English, is believed to descend from the language of a tribe of nomads roaming the plains of eastern...
The United States is one of the most diverse countries in the world. The 2007 population census states the total population to be 301,621,159—native being 263,561,465. Foreign born population is 12.62%- 38,059,694 and naturalized U.S. citizen is around 42.52%-16,181,883 from the 12.62%-...
through thick vegetation
With its evergreen vegetation and hilly landscape, it is pristine in the months of monsoon and after. Kurang has a small population because the majority of the people there have migrated to Mumbai, an industrial town. However, their attachment to their native place brings them...
North shore ‘wealthy’ area.
➢ Demographic information (North Sydney)
- Age : 25-34 year olds are the dominant population group, representing 27.6% of the population, followed by 35-49 year olds (22.8%).
- Gender : more females (52.4%) than males (47.6%).
divided historical opinion. But quite undoubtedly, the rebellion had diverse religious, social and politico-economic causes. The sepoys (from sipahi, Hindi for soldier, used for native Indian soldiers) had their own list of grievances against the Company Raj, mainly caused by the ethnic gulf between the...
India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian...
the primary source of Hindi. Hindi, like Sanskrit, is written in the Dev Naagari script, which is common to several other Indian languages as well. Much of the vocabulary of Hindi comes from Sanskrit. Hindi is spoken as a mother tongue by about 40 percent of the Indian population, mainly in the area known...
squirting water, they drop water-filled balloons from upper windows.
In Suriname it is Holi Phagwa and also the Hindu New Year .
Leela is the Hindi word for Play or Theatre, and Ram is a Hindu God. Thus Ramleela is a Play of the Story of Ram.
In September or October, as winter approachs, it’s...
The term Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry Bollywood is the nickname given to the Indian film industry -.
The B comes from Bombay (also known as Mumbai), a big city in...
fossil record. A good understanding of plants is crucial to the future of human societies as it allows us to:
Produce food to feed an expanding population
Understand fundamental life processes
Produce medicine and materials to treat diseases and other ailments
Understand environmental changes more...
scenario. Big Bazaar came out with innovative marketing strategies which attracted the middle class consumers, the large and growing young working population of a preferred customer segment • Big Bazaar specifically targets working women and home makers who are the primary decision makers.