Proxemics is a subcategory of the study of nonverbal communication along with haptics (touch), kinesics (body movement), vocalics (paralanguage), and chronemics (structure of time). Proxemics can be defined as "the interrelated observations and theories of man's use of space as a specialized...
IRWLE VOL. 8 No. I
Proxemics: The Study of Space
“Thousand of experiences teach us, that space communicates”
E.T.Hall (1990 p 161)
The search for the lingual foundations of human culture will lead
to non verbal communication without which the diversity and
at two common aspects of communication barriers managers and leaders face while working in cross-cultural environments; these aspects are cultural proxemics and haptics, and cultural behaviors and values. By adding awareness to these cultural dynamics, management will be better equipped to lead, and an...
communication not communicated in words. The different types of non-verbal communication include:
5. Facial Expression.
6. Eye contact.
KINESICS: is the interpretation of body motion...
Chapter 4 – Communicating Across Cultures
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the following does not constitute a normal interpersonal communication task for managers?
a. coordinate activities
b. disseminate information
c. motivate employees
d. give speeches at conferences...
free weight section. The free weight section contains four bench press benches, two squat areas, an entire back wall full of dumbbells, and a row of different back and chest machines. If you walk to the other side of the gym, on the other side of the treadmills, you will find the weight machines section...
subtle that we are not consciously aware of them, research has identified several different types of nonverbal communication, chief among them being haptics [touch], body language, facial expressions, posture, proxemics, appearance and dressing, and paralanguage just but to mention a few. The essay below...
their true emotions.
The final reinforcement of a message within the demonstrative communication process dissects the ideas of proxemics, oculesics, and haptic. Proxemics the distance or body position when communicating, oculesics eye contact, and haptic touch; are all important components of applying...
communicators during interaction.
It appears that all cultures have written or oral traditions expressing the importance of nonverbal communication to understanding human beings. Over thousands of years, Chinese culture has developed a set of rules about how to judge the character and personality...
stance and position are a learned language, just as the spoken words and symbols we use. Body language can convey different meanings in different cultures, just as spoken words have different meaning across cultural boundaries.
Nonverbal communication can be broken into seven categories. Kinesics are...
movement of body parts carry a meaning in certain situations. Emblems are gestures that interpret words and phrases directly. Gestures vary from culture to culture. For example signalling a person who is crazy in America, England and other western countries is generally performed by the index finger pointing...
that affect how we feel and act. For example, we respond to architecture, colors, room design, temperature, sounds, smells, and lighting.
5. Proxemics and Personal Space – An aspect of nonverbal communication that includes space and our uses of it.
6. Chronemics – The aspect of nonverbal communication...
The term “proxemics” was coined in 1966 by anthropologist Edward T. Hall. The term is used to describe the study of how people perceive the proximity of others. Hall developed the idea of a set of expanding circles, which he called reaction bubbles. These describe how humans manage the space around...
The Proxemics between China and the US
Proxemic behavior depends on different cultures. As we know, China and the US are low-contact cultures, but the US is probably can be called a high- contact culture. There would be some differences between them. It is important for people who immigrate from...
an invisible force field around our bodies that we consider our "personal bubbles." The size of our "bubbles" vary depending upon personality and culture, but we all have a need to protect our personal space; and with the world population now above 6 billion, we have less and less personal space to guard...
is not spoken or written. It is expressed by gestures, body language, facial expressions, eye contacts, use of space, dress codes.
There are six different functions of NVC, which are: expressing the emotions, supporting speech, replacing speech, indicating relationships, regulating conversation, getting...
Influence of Proxemics
Specifically, according to Edward T. Hall, who has pioneered the study of spatial communication. Proxemics refers to the use of space in communication: "the study of how man unconsciously structures microspace-the distance between men in conduct of daily transaction, the...
likely that there is a scale of active and passive control of non-verbal behaviour on the side of the communicator, and that therefore there are different degrees of active' and passive' control over non-verbal behaviour associated with each individual non-verbal behaviour.
There are a number...
Proxemics Experiment: Doing the Unexpected!
This exercise provides students with the opportunity to test a communication theory in an everyday context. Specifically you will design an experiment to test the accuracy of Edward Hall’s Theory of Proxemics, that is, in his words, “the interrelated observations...
this ethical life style by respecting all people in other cultures, expressing our perceptions of the world with as much accuracy as we are knowledgeable of, supporting the expression of other culture’s customs, and reaching out to other cultures in finding commonalities with them (Jandt, 2013, p. 37-38)...
gather information in a business context. The participants for the primary research were four Americans and four Chinese and were observed in two different situations. The report supports the view that Americans and Chinese have a similar spatial behavior, but differences in the touch behavior, the gaze...
subconsciously, that help a person communicate clearly and effectively.
The study of nonverbal communication includes seven different expressive variations: Chronemics, proxemics, oculesics, kinesics, haptics, vocalics, and personal style. Each one of these mostly subconscious conveyances plays an important...
Eg/ “think global, act local” in global marketing
Global-Local Paradox – People are inclined to see similarities from the framework of their own culture.
Technology Paradox - Convergence of technology is not the same as convergence of pepole’s values and habits. Instead, technology reinforces the differences...
Are Non-Verbal Cues Consistent Amongst Cultures?
In the United States there are certain things that are considered “common knowledge,” meaning these things are commonly known amongst members of the culture. They could be gestures such as, crossing your arms, which gives people...
Assignment 1: | Essay 3 |
Lecturer: | |
Due Date: | 18 October 2010 extension provided 25 October 2010 |
Topic 3: | An awareness of the different cultural contexts of nonverbal communication is essential to effective communication in a professional setting. Do you agree/disagree? |
Ever since the dawn of time mankind has always been in engaged in various forms of communication. There are two different kinds of communication, verbal and non verbal. In the era of caveman just using nonverbal communication could get you by, but in the complex society...
non-verbal communication and culture. Much research has been conduct in this field such as, Mehrabian, Ekman, Argyle and many other authors. They discussed the aspect of nonverbal cues in different cultures and highlighted their approach. On the other hand, the concept of culture is still controversial. This...
thought this was appropriate was because bottom is quite a silly and funny character so it fit in to the overall theme.
I used my voice in many different ways in the performance. One of the 3 I am going to describe is when I was saying “Thou wall, O wall, O sweet and lovely wall.” I said this line quite...
Body Language and Proxemics
ANT101: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Instructor: Ashi Das
Body Language and Proxemics
Body language is a very important and often overlooked...
information. This form of communication includes verbal and nonverbal, written or visual, sending, and receiving of messages (Nayab, 2010). There are many different forms of communication. One form of communication is body language. There are many ways a person can receive positive and negative messages from body...