Free Essays on Utilitarianism

  1. Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism can be defined as an ethical philosophy that an action is morally right if its consequences lead to pleasure, and wrong if it ends in pain. There are two types of utilitarianism, that is act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism proposes a decision making procedure...

  2. Utilitarianism Is the Most Useful Ethical Theory to Guide Company Decisions. Discuss

    Topic 1: Utilitarianism is the most useful ethical theory to guide company decisions. Discuss Introduction Ethical theories are critical to organisational transformation. Ethical theory is generally based upon moral philosophy and may be classified on many different dimensions; however, there are...

  3. Utilitarianism

     Comparing Direct and Indirect Utilitarianism British philosopher, John Stuart Mill, served many years as a member of parliament and worked diligently to bring forth liberal ideas. Amongst these ideas was the distinction of utilitarianism, or the act of doing what is right for the greatest number...

  4. Jaws

    Utilitarianism has been around in some form or another or nearly 2500 years when the ancient Greeks first came up with the ethical principle ‘primum non nocere' translated into ‘First, Do No Harm' and is what seems to be one of the first traces of utility. However Chinese philosopher Mozi was one of...

  5. Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism The Ethical Theory of "Utilitarianism" is the most reasonable approach to morality. Utilitarianism does not rely on unclear beliefs or abstract principles; it is instead a fairly simple theory to understand. It contains ideas we are acquainted with, like the idea that something that...

  6. Bentha

    The industrial revolution utilitarianism Utilitarianism is the belief that an action is right if it produces the greatest good for the majority of people. It is often based on the calculated consequence or outcome of an action. If you think an action will bring the maximum amount of happiness to the...

  7. Pornography and ethical viewpoints

    definition of pornography. This essay will define pornography as sexually explicit materials, such as pictures or videos, which downgrade women. Utilitarianism believes pornography would have to bring out more happiness than the absence of pornography for it to be moral. With that being said, pornography...

  8. English 102

    standard. They are not. Many (but not all) of our practices are merely peculiar to our society. Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill is most famous for defending the ethical theory called Utilitarianism, which was first developed by Jeremy Bentham. But Mill accomplished many things in his lifetime....

  9. Explain the difference between rule, act and preference utilitarianism.

    preference utilitarianism (25 marks) Utilitarianism is the ethical theory behind justifying an action for being for the greater good. This is a teleological theory because it looks at the consequences of an action. Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory. There are three types of utilitarianism: Act...

  10. Positive Utiliraianism

    Positive and Negative Utilitarianism Positive utilitarianism attempts to maximise the amount of happiness, pleasure, preferences, etc, as in the maxim, 'The greatest good for the greatest number.' Therefore, a positive utilitarian will say we should aim simply to increase the happiness of all...

  11. Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism could be summed up by the phrase "the greatest happiness for the greatest number." The idea was first coined by Francis Hutcheson (1694- 1746) who wrote a book called "An inquiry into the original of our ideas of beauty and virtue" Although strictly speaking he is not a Utilitarian; he...

  12. Deontology & Utilitarianism

    Ethical systems can be broadly placed into two categories: deontological or duty-centered like Christian ethics and teleological or Utilitarianism (Geisler, 2010). For teleological ethics, the results determine the goodness of the act, and if the results were not good, then it follows that the attempted...

  13. Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism In his book, J.S. Mill attempts to build on Jeremy Bentham's original idea of Utilitarianism. His definition of the moral theory is one that is grounded in Bentham's original work but also extends to include remarks to criticisms of Utilitarianism. Mill believes that, like Bentham...

  14. Objections to Utilitarianism

    Darwell’s objection to Utilitarianism states that it conflicts with moral common sense in three particular case studies. The first objection to Act Utilitarianism is “promise keeping.” Act utilitarianism is inconsistent with the moral conscious, because it forward looks considerations of what one would...

  15. Kants Ethics vs Utilitarianism

    categorical imperative and utilitarianism, both of which offer an approach to decision making in the context of social and interpersonal relationships. In this with in depth understanding of both that Kantian ethics is much easily appreciated than the ethics of utilitarianism as Kantian ethics apply to...

  16. Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism Classical Utilitarianism is a moral philosophy, which was developed in 19th century England by Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill and Henry Sidgwick. The essential feature a utilitarian reside in, is the notion that an action is right if it produces the most amount of happiness well...

  17. Mill's Utilitarianism: Sacrifice the Innocent for the Common Good?

    Mill's Utilitarianism: Sacrifice the Innocent For The Common Good? When faced with a moral dilemma, utilitarianism identifies the appropriate considerations, but offers no realistic way to gather the necessary information to make the required calculations. This lack of information is a problem...

  18. Ethics

    traditions and live their life based on the theories passed down from generation to generation. These ethical traditions include the virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. This essay will discuss the differences between these particular theories. To begin, here is a brief description each...

  19. Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism Sandra LaFave West Valley College The notion of an ethics based on utility — usefulness for human concerns, especially human happiness — was one of the revolutionary Continental ideas of the Enlightenment period. Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794), for example, in his extremely influential...

  20. ACC 375 Week 1 DQs

    DQ1: Explain the concept of utility under the utilitarianism theory. How can a business achieve a level of utility? DQ2: What is the connection between justice and utility under utilitarianism theory? What are a few assumptions and problems with utilitarianism theory? DQ3: What are the similarities and...

  21. Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism is often described by the phrase "the greatest good for the greatest number of people", Utility, the good to be maximized, has been defined by various thinkers as happiness or pleasure (versus suffering or pain), although preference utilitarians define it as the satisfaction of preferences...

  22. ACC 375 Week 1 DQs

    DQ1: Explain the concept of utility under the utilitarianism theory. How can a business achieve a level of utility? DQ2: What is the connection between justice and utility under utilitarianism theory? What are a few assumptions and problems with utilitarianism theory? DQ3: What are the similarities and...

  23. Com Ethics

    take-home final exam. If utilitarianism focuses on the amount of good actions create for the greatest number of people; then it could be argued that the 125 Harvard students had utility in cheating. However the cheating scandal at Harvard was an unsuccessful attempt of utilitarianism; their goal was to have...

  24. Utilitariansim: Strengths and Limitations

    Utilitarianism- Journal Questions (Formative Assessment) 1a) What are the strengths of Utilitarianism? 1b) Utilitarianism has several limitations. Identify two limitations and suggest improvements to Utilitarianism that enable it to avoid these limitations. Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory:...

  25. examine the key principles of utilitarianism

    Outline the important concepts of utilitarianism (21) The theory of utilitarianism determines the rightness or wrongness of an action by its consequences. This is determined by measuring the amount of pleasure or pain brought to someone caused by an action. Utilitarianism is a teleological theory of ethics...

  26. Utilityariansim and Friensdhip

    Can A Utilitarian have Friends? What exactly is a utilitarian? Some people would call utilitarianism a belief that "the ends justify the means". But when it comes down to it, isn't utilitarianism really just some set of values, and a belief in doing what is necessary in order to maximize the realization...

  27. utiltarianism

    What is utilitarianism? In the Merriam Webster dictionary it states that Utilitarianism is a doctrine that useful is the good and that the determining consideration of right conducts should be the usefulness of its consequence. Utilitarianism is generally held to be the view that the morally right action...

  28. Ethics Essay

    Abstract * It will discuss the difference in how each theory addresses ethics and morality. It will identify the similarities of virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and deontology. Ethical theories concentrate on what is right; they attempt to seek the outcomes of one’s actions by applying several rules that...

  29. Assess Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism, a form of consequentialism, is a philosophy that advocates mass pleasure for the majority. Although some utilitarian theories seek to maximise pleasurable consequences, (Hedonistic Utilitarianism, Act Utilitarianism), others seek to encourage rules that are seen as “right” (Rule Utilitarianism)...

  30. Rational Egoism vs. Utilitarianism

    Andrew Rowe PHIL 202 Topics Paper- #1 Utilitarianism vs. Rational Egoism Utilitarian’s and rational egoist’s differ on their basic views of what human beings most care about. There are many differences that distinguish the two views that people may have on what it considered right and what is considered...