Adlerian Therapy

Adlerian Therapy

  • Submitted By: holt0370
  • Date Submitted: 04/26/2010 5:45 PM
  • Category: Psychology
  • Words: 1411
  • Page: 6
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Alfred Adler as a Student (1885, age 15)
Alfred Adler (1870-1937)

Individual Psychology

Alfred Adler as a Young Man (Before 1900)

Alfred Adler in his 60's

Raissa Timofevna Adler, Alfred Adler's Wife (About 1900)

Alfred Adler Lecturing in Berlin
It was Adler who introduced the concept of an aggressive drive… He then subsumed aggression under the larger concept of striving for overcoming, where aggression is but one of the forms this striving may take when the social interest remains underdeveloped Ansbacher and Ansbacher, 1956



Alfred Adler With Daughter Valentine, in a Car, at the Villa in Salmannsdorf
Raissa Adler and the Children - Valentine, Alexandra, Nelly, & Kurt (About 1914)

Adlerian views of human behavior
• We are social beings and their basic motivation is to belong • All behavior has a purpose • We are decision-making • We only perceive reality and this perception may be mistaken or biased
Alfred Adler's U.S. Immigration Card - Sept. 24, 1933

Human Nature
• People are primarily motivated by social interest , or community feelings (gemeinschaftsgefuhl)
– Mental health is measured by the degree to which we are concerned with the welfare of others. – Happiness and success are largely related to social connectedness

• People strive to become the best they can be (striving for perfection or superiority)
– We are intrinsically self-determining and creative

• Individuals are born helpless and dependent • Striving for perfection is the primary dynamic force (causation is of less importance)

Self-determination and biased apperception We do not suffer from the shock of our experiences – the so-called trauma – but we make out of them just what suites our purposes. We are self-determined by the meaning we give to our experiences;.. Meanings are not determined by situations, but we determine ourselves by the meaning we give to situations
Adler, 1958



Inferiority Feelings

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