Ap Us History Chapters 34 and 35

Ap Us History Chapters 34 and 35

AP US History Ch 34-35 The American Pageant Test Study Guide

Consider the 5 Ws when thinking about history: Who, What, When, Where, & Why/How is it important?

Ch 34 The Great Depression and the New Deal, 1933-1939 (Ch 34 is Ch 33 in the 13th edition)

Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s (FDR’s) affliction w/infantile paralysis (polio) contributed the most to his
development of compassion & strength of will {* story of dragging himself across floor}
Most vigorous “champion of the dispossessed” – that is, the poor & minorities – in FDR’s administration was
Eleanor Roosevelt (5th cousin to FDR, niece of TR)
Democratic platform of which FDR campaigned for presidency in 1932 called for – a balanced budget
In 1932, FDR campaigned on the promise that as president he would attack the Great Depression by
experimenting w/bold new programs for economic & social reform
Phrase “Hundred Days” (1st New Deal – mostly relief & recovery) refers to
the first (~3) months of FDR’s (1st) presidency
3 waves of legislation (1st, 2nd, & 3rd New Deals – 1st New Deal began in March 1933)
One striking new feature of 1932 presidential election results was that
– (many) Af-Am’s shifted from Republican allegiance & became vital element in the Democratic Party
While FDR assumed presidency in early (March) 1933, Herbert Hoover tried to get the president-elect to
commit to – an anti-inflationary policy that would have made much of the New Deal impossible
When FDR assumed the presidency in early (March) 1933, - he received unprecedented congressional support
(Which is why he got so many New Deal laws passed)
The Works Progress Administration (WPA) was a major relief program of the New Deal; the Public Works
Administration was a long-range recovery program; & the Social Security Act was a major reform.
* The 3 R’s: Relief, Recovery, & Reform – the goals of the New Deal – see charts on p.781 & p.784
WPA (1935) – Quickly provide jobs to as many people as possible – from...

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