Babylonia and Epic of Gilgamesh

Babylonia and Epic of Gilgamesh


Mesopotamian Mythology

The Babylonians
The Babylonians
Code of Hammurabi
Babylonian Civilization
The Downfall of Babylon

• The Old Babylonian
• High point was reign of
King Hammurabi (17921750 B.C.) united all of
Mesopotamia through
• During reign
government controlled
economy and passed
comprehensive laws
called the Hammurabi

Hammurabi Code
• Code reinforced “An
eye for an eye”
• Laws focused on
property rights,
slaves, children and
women’s rights,
murder, theft and
• Punishment differed
based on a person’s
social class

Hammurabi Code
• Laws were introduced
for two main reasons
• To establish order in a
land in constant
• To represent a king’s
beliefs of justice
• Several laws were
written to protect the
poor and powerless
from abuse

Hammurabi Code
• 5. If a judge try a case, reach a decision, and present
his judgment in writing; if later error shall appear in his
decision, and it be through his own fault, then he shall
pay twelve times the fine set by him in the case, and he
shall be publicly removed from the judge's bench, and
never again shall he sit there to render judgement.
• 6. If any one steal the property of a temple or of the
court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who
receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death.
• 14. If any one steal the minor son of another, he shall
be put to death.
• 22. If any one is committing a robbery and is caught,
then he shall be put to death.

• 195.   If a son strike his father, his hands shall be hewn
• 197. If he break another man's bone, his bone shall be
• 202.   If any one strike the body of a man higher in rank
than he, he shall receive sixty blows with an ox-whip in
• 218.   If a physician make a large incision with the
operating knife, and kill him, or open a tumor with the
operating knife, and cut out the eye, his...

Similar Essays