Comparison of Ethical Theories

Comparison of Ethical Theories

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  • Date Submitted: 11/30/2010 5:18 PM
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University of Phoenix Material
Student Name: Eddy Kim Facilitator: Jeanne Beyer

Ethical Theory Comparison of Ethical Theories

Utilitarianism Ethics

Deontological Ethics

Virtue Ethics

Definition Ethical decision should maximize benefits to society and minimize harms; what matters is the net balance of good consequences over bad.
Also, we should evaluate an
action by looking at the
consequences, weighing
the good against the bad effects on all parties affected by it. (Trevino, & Nelson, 2007). Ethical decision making based on duty rather than consequence. In contrast to the Utilitarian method, deontologist maintains
that actions are morally right
or wrong independent of
their consequences. Moral
rightness and wrongness are
basic and ultimate moral
terms. They do not depend
on good and the production
of, or the failure to produce,
well. A person's duty is to do
what morally right and avoid
what is morally wrong,
regardless of the
consequences. (Trevino, & Nelson, 2007).
Virtue ethics approach focuses more on the integrity of the moral actor than on the moral act itself.
Character traits such as good character, kindness and
generosity will, in turn, allow
person to make the correct
decisions later on in life. (Trevino, & Nelson, 2007).
Ethical thinker associated with theory Jeremy Bentham
(De George, 2010) Emmanuel Kant, John Rawls
(Trevino, & Nelson, 2007). Aristotle, Stuart Young-Blood
(Trevino, & Nelson, 2007).
Decision-making process Approach an dilemma by identifying the alternative actions and their consequences for all stakeholders. (Trevino, & Nelson, 2007). Deontologists base their decisions about what’s right on broad, abstract universal ethical principles. Certain moral principles are binding regardless of consequence. (Trevino, & Nelson, 2007). Primary consideration is the actor’s character, motivations, and intentions in context of assessing the actor’s character and integrity. The disclosure rule....

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