Customs Violations and Offences

Customs Violations and Offences

Customs Offences 3
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance for the Prevention, Investigation and Repression of Customs Offences (Nairobi Convention) 5
United Nations combating against transnational crimes 6
UNODC and organized crime 6
UNODC on Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling 8
United Nations counter-terrorism conventions 8
Anti-Corruption Program of UNIDO 9
Law Enforcement 10
International Cooperation 11
Border Control 11
Container Control Pilot Project 12
EU Practice in the Fight against Organized Crime 13
What is being done at EU level to combat money-laundering? 14
What are the EU Member States doing to track down the proceeds of crime? 15
Corruption 15
Customs authorities at the heart of the fight against cross-border organized crime in the EU 16
Why cooperate? 17
How does this cooperation work? 17
Which illegal activities are concerned? 18
Who does what? 18
Definition and Prosecution of Terrorist Acts 19
Prevention of Terrorism – Security Measures 20
Control of Weapons 21
Money Laundering – Prevention and Prosecution 22
Information Sharing 22
Summary 23

Customs Offences

One of the tasks of the Customs authorities is to investigate and establish any breach or attempted breach of the statutory or regulatory provisions which they are responsible for enforcing. In some countries, Customs offences may be dealt with by the Customs authorities, in accordance with procedures laid down in national legislation. In this case only Customs offences which are regarded as relatively serious are brought before the administrative tribunals or courts of law.

National legislation confers upon the Customs authorities a wide range of investigatory powers in connection with Customs offences. For example, they can examine the production of documents and search persons and premises.

When a Customs offence has been established, the Customs authorities are empowered, in certain...

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