Dependency and Modernisation

Dependency and Modernisation

  • Submitted By: faz07
  • Date Submitted: 03/02/2010 1:08 AM
  • Category: Miscellaneous
  • Words: 13669
  • Page: 55
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Research for first block, pol.s development essay: 2010-02-15

Modernisation and dependency theories on development:

1. Modernisation school-

Theoretical heritage:
1. evolutionary theory
2. functionalist theory

2. Dependency-
Theoretical heritage:
Marxists- cardoso and faletto
Neo Marxists- dos santos –marini
Crystalised theory of dependence
Different perspectives:

• research focus:
• theoretical heritage:
• methodology
• level of analysis:
• major theoretical structure:
• key factors in development problems
• direction of development
• policy implications

a. Alvin, S (1990) social change and development. chapter two: the modernisation perspective. Sage. London.

The Modernisation school was a historical product of three crucial events in post WWII-the rise of the Us as a superpower, the spread of the world communist movement and the disintegration of European colonial empires in asia, Africa and latin America, giving rise to new nation states in the third world. These nation states were in search of a model of development to promote their economy and enhance their political independence. American political elites wanted to promote economic development and stability in the third world in order to stop communism from spreading to them.(soviet union) pg 17

It adopted both a evolutionary and functionalist theory in its efforts to illuminate the modernisation of the third world. Pg18

Evolutionary theory:
19th century after the industrial and French revolution. – these two shattered the old social order and created a new one. Ind= increasing producitivit, new factory production system and the...

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