function of liver

function of liver

The liver regulates most chemical levels in the blood and excretes a product called bile. Bile helps to break down fats, preparing them for further digestion and absorption. All of the blood leaving the stomach and intestines passes through the liver. The liver processes this blood and breaks down, balances, and creates nutrients for the body to use. It also metabolized drugs in the blood into forms that are easier for the body to use. Many vital functions have been identified with the liver. Some of the more well-known functions include the following:

Production of bile, which helps carry away waste and break down fats in the small intestine during digestion

Production of certain proteins for blood plasma

Production of cholesterol and special proteins to help carry fats through the body

Store and release glucose as needed

Processing of hemoglobin for use of its iron content (the liver stores iron)

Conversion of harmful ammonia to urea (urea is one of the end products of protein metabolism that is excreted in the urine)

Clearing the blood of drugs and other harmful substances

Regulating blood clotting

Resisting infections by producing immune factors and removing bacteria from the bloodstream

Clearance of bilirubin (if there is a buildup of bilirubin, the skin and eyes turn yellow)

When the liver has broken down harmful substances, they are excreted into the bile or blood. Bile by-products enter the intestine and ultimately leave the body in the feces. Blood by-products are filtered out by the kidneys and leave the body in the form of urine.

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