Genetic Engineering: the Manipulation or Alteration of the Genetic Structure of a Single Cell or Organism

Genetic Engineering: the Manipulation or Alteration of the Genetic Structure of a Single Cell or Organism

  • Submitted By: Nsmith13
  • Date Submitted: 04/20/2011 3:13 PM
  • Category: Science
  • Words: 527
  • Page: 3
  • Views: 1

genetic engineering

Genetic Engineering as defined by chris mascudi can be defined as the manipulation or alteration of the genetic structure of a single cell or organism. This means that scientists can target a particular gene and make it whatever they want. which could be bad. however, it also could be good! i agree that genetic engineering has its ups and downs, ins and outs, also goods and bads.

lets focuse our attention on the goods first. With regard to the agricultural industry, transgenic farm animals can be created, that are better able to resist disease, grow faster, and more efficiently reproduce than current species of animals. for an example Transgenic sheep can be created to produce better wool, also cows can be engineered to more efficiently convert grain into higher quality milk and meat. also Transgenic salmon, salmon that grow larger and at a faster rate than natural varieties theese are all good types of genetic engineering.

another good thing is that they make industrial farm animals non-sentient, without the "stress" genes that cause them great suffering during their lives on industrial factory farms. another great thing that comes out of genetic engineering is that transgenic animals, like goats, sheep, and cattle, have been engineered to produce large amounts of complex human proteins in their milk. this is very useful in the creation of therapeutic drugs. By engineering these animals to release these and other proteins in their milk, therapeutic drugs are made less costly, easier to manufacture, and at the expense of fewer animal lives than what was formerly the case.

now lets talk about the bads.well first Creating more efficient agricultural animals threatens the genetic diversity of the herd and thereby make them more susceptible to new strains of infectious disease. Also, if transgenic farm animals ever escape into wild populations, they can have very very bad effects on the natural environment, including a complete...

Similar Essays