• Submitted By: amelissafilm
  • Date Submitted: 10/26/2008 8:24 AM
  • Category: English
  • Words: 625
  • Page: 3
  • Views: 457

Melissa’s Pointers and Notes for sharing

Under Pavlov’s theory of classical conditioning, there are three main components and they are namely, unconditioned stimulus, conditioned stimulus and conditioned response. Unconditioned stimulus is a stimulus that produces a reflex or unlearned response, a conditioned stimulus is a stimulus paired with an unconditioned stimulus that becomes capable of producing a response and lastly, a conditioned response is a learned response resulting from pairing unconditioned stimulus and conditioned stimulus. Pavlov believed that these three components interlink to help create a recurring situation. For example, should the stimulus be positive, he/she will be more likely to repeat the same situation and vice versa. In scenario 3, I feel that Mr. Tan should have encouraged Sally even though she gave the wrong answer as his encouragement would serve as a conditioned stimulus so as to boost her self esteem.

Under Bandura’s social learning theory is observational learning. It is defined as the process of obtaining information from watching model’s actions, hearing their descriptions and discerning their consequences. It comprises of a four-stage process which we will have to adopt as we learn from other’s behaviour. They are attention, retention, reproduction and motivation. Attention refers to the process where only what is attended to can be learned. However, anything that puts a damper on attention is going to decrease learning, including observational learning. For example, one will tend to learn less when he is sick or being distracted by competing stimuli. Also, some of the things that influence attention involve the characteristics of the model.  Take for example, one will be more attractive to observe the model if it is colorful and dramatic. Secondly, one must be able to retain what have paid attention to earlier on.  This is where imagery and language come in, we retain the observed images in the form of mental images or...

Similar Essays