Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking

to Europe for sexual exploitation

Trafficking in Persons

Chapter extracted from “The Globalization of Crime — A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment” Report. This report has not been formally edited. The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of UNODC or contributory organizations and neither do they imply any endorsement. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNODC concerning the legal status of any country, territory or city or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries. Cover poto: A. Scotti for UN.GIFT/UNODC

To Europe1 for sexual exploitation
Source: Vector to destination: Destination: World (main origin: the Balkans and former Soviet Union) Mainly by land, also sea and air West and Central Europe

Annual flow of new victims: Volume of market (stock): Value of market (stock): About 70,000 victims (based on two-year turnover) About 140,000 victims US$3 billion per year

Groups involved: Residence of traffickers: Western European, Balkan, Eastern European, North African, Turkish, Nigerian and Chinese groups Origin and destination countries

Estimated trend: Potential effects: Likelihood of effects being realized: Stable Human rights violations Very high


Trafficking in pErsons

What is the nature of the market? A greater variety of nationalities has been found among human trafficking victims in West and Central Europe than in any other part of the world, and most of these victims (84%) were trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Both the detection rate and the type of exploitation detected are affected by enforcement patterns, however. In 2006, the entire Western Hemisphere only recorded some 150 convictions for human trafficking, which is about the same number as Germany alone. It is difficult to...

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