Influence of Socrates' Works

Influence of Socrates' Works

Socrates, a seeker of virtue, free thought and many question developed the

philosophical thinking of the Western world today. However, did Socrates really exist?

That is a question asked by many because all of the records of Socrates work were not

written by him but of his pupils, primarily Plato and Xenophon. If these dialogues

written by his students are true then it is clear that Socrates was a man who sought out

for wisdom and piety through reasoning and questions. His philosophical teachings

were not only voiced through his words but were also expressed through his actions,

which is asserted a thousand times fold.

Socrates never declared himself a teacher, but had many followers. He would

converse with many, never to win a battle of arguments but to truly seek genuine

knowledge and would accept nothing less than an adequate response to his proposals.

During his public speeches he would discuss on the topic of "perfecting the soul," in

other words, the purity of a beings soul is far greater than materialistic values, such as

money, position and power.1 A person’s way of improving his soul, his spiritual life

and moral actions were the main points of Socrates' teachings. Even through accusations

of corruption, persecution, and death Socrates held his beliefs high and never swayed to

the unjust convictions made against him.2 Powerful movements such as this could be

seen two thousands years since Socrates passed, through such figures as Gandhi and Dr.

King who also spoke their minds in what they believed to be principled, but not only

through words but through conduct.

Spring of 399 B.C. when Socrates was seventy years old, he was accused of

impiety, corruption of the youth and belief in false deities.3 In The Apology Socrates is

tried in a court of 501 people.4 Here he defends himself among a court of Athenians

who already had a strong prejudice against Socrates whose minds were...

Similar Essays