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Language Focus

1 Quantities
Amount
Quantity
Figure
The majority
The maximum
The minimum
Number

Amount + uncountable noun
the amount of something
The amount of tax you pay depends on how much you earn.

a small/tiny amount
The water here contains small amounts of calcium
and other minerals.

a large/an enormous/a considerable amount
He knows an enormous amount about Italian paintings.

!

The whole amount / the full amount / the total amount /
the greatest amount

Quantity
use this, especially in written descriptions or instructions,
to talk about amounts of food, liquid, or other substances
that can be measured
quantity of
Make sure that you add the correct quantity of water.
Use equal quantities of flour and butter.

a large/small/enormous etc quantity
An enormous quantity of chemical waste has been dumped in
the river.

in large/small quantities
Expensive spices, like saffron, are only produced in small
quantities.
!

The total quantity

Figure
refers to the actual number itself, not the
thing that the number refers to

While the number of Internet users
was only 2.6 million in 1990 , this figure
has more than doubled in the last 3 year

The majority
more than half of the people or
things in a large group
A poll of Democrats shows that a majority support the
President.

the/a majority of
In June the majority of our students will be taking
examinations.
They claim their campaign is supported by a majority
of residents.

the vast/great/overwhelming majority (=far more
than half)
The great majority of accidents in the Alps occur while
climbers are coming down.
an education policy that will please the vast majority
of parents

The maximum
the maximum number or amount is the largest
number or amount that is possible, normal, or
allowed
After leaving Calais, the train soon reaches its
maximum speed of 300 kph.
Forty is the maximum number of passengers this
bus...