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Morphology is the section of linguistics that is involved with the study of words internal structure and partly their meaning. Clearly, words are by rules related to each other. For example, in English the words ‘cat ’and ‘cats’ are related. English speakers, using their tactic knowledge on the formation of words in English language know the relationship in these words. The specific patterns the manner in which words are made from the smaller units and how these units work to make a speech. (Reinders, 2010) Morphology, studies the word construction within and across languages. It also formulate the guidelines to show speakers’ knowledge on those languages.
Phonetics and Phonology
Phonetics comprises the with study of sound of a speech together with combination, description, and representation by printed symbols, while phonology involves the study of sound of the speech in language according to their patterning and distribution and rules governing pronunciation. (Baker, 2012)
Syntax and Semantics
These terms are used relative to the aspect of the language. First, syntax pertains to the structure of the language. Syntax emphases the grammatical and logical from of the sentences, and not what they refer or mean. Secondly, semantics defines the meaning of word and sentences. (Dittmar, 1993) It concerns the content and sentence meaning, in relative to their truth and falsehood.
Implications of studying language are expansive and interdisciplinary. There exist a mutual relationship between linguistics and computer studies, since models constructed by theoretical linguists are inspired by computational methodologies. Recent linguistic theories are equipped with complex domain of human knowledge, this is major concern to cognitive psychologists and mind philosophers. Language being a cultural artifacts, linguistics becomes a topic of interest to sociologist and,...