Simona Schett

Institut fü r Stä dtebau und Raumplanung Universitä t Innsbruck

Urban Ecology WS 2011/12

1 FOREWORD 2 SHRINKING CITIES ECONOMICAL 3 2.1 Deindustrialisation in Great Britain 2.1.1 Manchester_fall of the world’s first industrial 4 metrople STRUCTURAL 2.2 Suburbanisation in the USA 2.2.1 Detroit_downfall by racism POLITICAL 2.3 Russia and the fall of the Soviet Union 2.3.1 Ivanovo_from a socialistic to a democratic organization 7 8 10 11 1.1 What is a shrinking city? 1.2 The phenomenon of shrinking cities 2 2

ECONOMICAL/STRUCTURAL/POLITICAL 2.4 East Germany and the fall of the Berlin Wall 12 2.4.1 Leipzig_growing pains after the fall of the 13 Berlin Wall 3 CONCLUSIO 15



1. FOREWORD 1.1. What is a shrinking city?
Shrinking cities are cities that are experiencing acute population loss. Deindustrialisation and out-migration are some of the common reasons that cities shrink. In the United States, this problem is most commonly associated with the Rust Belt, while parts of Eastern Europe also experience similar problems. Since the infrastructure of such cities was built to support a larger population, its maintenance can become a serious concern.

A shrinking city is a densely populated urban area with a minimum population of 10,000 residents that has faced population losses in large parts for more than two years and is undergoing economic transformations with some symptoms of a structural crisis (Wiechmann 2007).
Shrinking Cities International Research Network (SCIRN)

1.2 The phenomenon of shrinking cities
While the world is concentrating on the population growth and mega cities, that just won’t stop growing, there is another development coming up. Due to demographic, economic and physical reasons between 1950 and 2000 about 370 cities all over the world with a population over 100 000...

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