• Submitted By: luaqiqi
  • Date Submitted: 08/14/2014 5:01 AM
  • Category: English
  • Words: 848
  • Page: 4

Teaching Methodologies and Approaches
The Grammar-Translation Approach
•Used historically in teaching Greek and Latin.
•Not so well suited to teaching modern languages.
•Classes are taught in the students' mother tongue
•Vocabulary is taught in the form of word lists.
•Elaborate explanations of grammar are always provided.
•Rules for putting words together
•Focus on form and inflection of words.
•Reading of difficult texts from start.
•Little attention paid to content
•Just exercises in grammatical analysis.
•Drills in translating sentences
•Little or no attention to pronunciation.

Teaching Methodologies and Approaches
The Direct Approach
•Developed as a reaction to grammar-translation
•An attempt to use the target language more.
•Lessons begin with a dialogue.
•Material is first presented orally with actions or pictures.
•The mother tongue is NEVER, NEVER used. There is no translation.
•Exercise = questions in the target language based on the dialogue
•Questions answered in the target language.
•Grammar is taught inductively.
•Verbs are used first and systematically conjugated only much later.
•Advanced students read literature for comprehension and pleasure.
Literary texts are not analyzed grammatically.
•Culture associated with the target language is also taught inductively.
Culture is considered an important aspect of learning the language.

Teaching Methodologies and Approaches
The Reading Approach
•Selected for practical and academic reasons.
•For people for whom reading is the one usable skill in a foreign language.
•First priority in studying the target language = reading ability
•Second priority = cultural and/or historical knowledge.
•Only the grammar necessary for reading comprehension is taught.
•Minimal attention is paid to pronunciation or gaining conversational skills.
•A great amount of reading is done in L2, both in and out of class.
•Vocabulary is strictly controlled for difficulty.
•Vocabulary is...

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