• Submitted By: ramzie
  • Date Submitted: 12/13/2013 10:12 AM
  • Category: Psychology
  • Words: 1703
  • Page: 7
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Motivational Theories
Ramin Panakhzadeh
Khazar University

1. Introduction
2. Maslow's hierarchy of needs: Theory
3.1. Description
3.2. Analysis
3.3. Criticism of Maslow’s theory
3. Application of the Maslow’s theory
4. Conclusion

1. Introduction
The manager defines what the organization should perform when planning and organizing work. When, how and who, in his opinion, must do it. If the choice of these solutions is made effective the manager is able to coordinate the efforts of many people and implement the potential capabilities of workers. Unfortunately, managers often mistakenly believe that if some organizational structure or some kinds of activity perfectly “work" on paper, they will also "work" good in real life. However that is far from it. In order to move toward the goal effectively, the manager must coordinate the job process and make people perform it. Managers often called the executive heads, because the main point of their work is to ensure the execution of the work of the organization. Managers embody their decisions in the case, by practicing basic principles of motivation. In this context, i.e. the management, we can give the following definition:
Motivation is the process of encouraging ourselves and others to the activities for achieving personal goals or goals of the organization.

2. Maslow's hierarchy of needs: Theory
2.1. Description
Content theories of motivation, first of all, are trying to identify the needs, inducing people to act, especially in determining the scope and content of the work. When laying the foundations of modern concepts of motivation, the most important were the works of three people: Abraham Maslow, Frederick Herzberg, and David McClelland.
One of the first behaviorists (behaviorism - one of the trends in American psychology that emerged in the early XX century, which considers behavior as the subject of psychology...

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