India-Pakistan Relationship

India and Pakistan share geographic location and are linked by political and religious issues. Since the partition of the subcontinent the two neighbors have found it difficult to have friendly relationship and any improvement seen has only been very short lived. There are many disputes which show the type of relationship India and Pakistan share the 1971 war, Kashmir dispute and the recent Mumbai attacks are just a few examples.

Pakistan since independence was divided into two parts West Pakistan and East Pakistan. After some political crisis in East Pakistan the situation changed into war between the Muslims of east and the west of Pakistan in which India came in to support the East Pakistan in which the Muslims of the west lost and had to surrender. The result was that East Pakistan got independence and Bangladesh came into being .This had a very adverse affect on the relationship between the two countries .Also it clearly showed that the two were against each other.

Kashmir at the time of the partition had a Muslim majority while its ruler was a Hindu and therefore decided neither to join India nor Pakistan. Although after the attacks from tribal militancy of Pakistan, its ruler decided to join India which resulted in war. Till today it is a dispute, Pakistan says that like other states which went to India Kashmir should have come to Pakistan as it is a Muslim majority while India says that the ruler had decided that it was to join India. Therefore till today this dispute has not ended.

India’s financial capital Mumbai was attacked by terrorist groups in which many were killed and injured. The Indian government said that the attackers came from Pakistan and their controllers were in Pakistan. Indian government also said that these terrorists were trained in Pakistan by former Pakistani army officers. On the other hand Pakistan government says that nothing is proved and it is all a blame game and no Pakistani will be...

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