Quantitative Research

Quantitative Research

Bartholomew, J., Miller, B., Ciccolo, J., Atwood, R., & Gottlieb, N. (2008). Walk Texas! 5-a-day intervention for Women, Infant, and Children (WIC) clients: a quasi-experimental study. Journal Of Community Health, 33(5), 297-303.

Research week 3 Discussion


Bartholomew, Miller, Ciccolo, Atwood, & Gottlieb (2008) conducted a study based on poor diet proving to be a major risk for chronic diseases such as prostate cancer and coronary heart disease. A recent study of 41,358 men and women aged 30–49 found that those with the highest level of fresh fruit, root vegetables, and fruiting vegetables intake had a significantly lower rate of all-cause mortality. Even though the benefit of eating a diet that is high in fruit and vegetable (F & V) have been made clear, only one quarter of Americans eat what is recommended as the minimum of five serving a day. This is also problematic with low income population and so the Wic program have been made available in every state for mothers with low income who are at risk for low consumption of F & V and according to Bartholonew et al. (2008), two samples of women, infant, and children (WIC) clients reported average daily F & V consumption to be 3.9 to 4.2. Both national average and WIC sample are not meeting the recommended five serving a day. Psychosocial variables such as “attitudes, beliefs, and intrinsic motivations” have been shown to be related to the consumption of F & V and unfortunately low income individuals reports greater barriers through several of these concepts than do individuals with higher income (Bartholonew et al., 2008). To rationalize the study that was to be conducted, the authors showed concern of low-income parents being less aware of diet and disease relationships than parents that are higher in income and presented a guide that would be appropriate to support a stage-based model to be applicable to F & V consumption. A brief stage-base quasi-experimental was design for use...

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